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November 29, 2006

Tenure Process v. Innovation

As I hope I have made clear, I'm all for innovation in law teaching, whether it be restructuring the process or introducing new ideas into individual classes.  However, I fear that our tenure system often works against innovation.  I received tenure last year, and have talked to professors at other schools at the same point in their careers who have shared my observations.  What I say below does not necessarily relate to my own experience; it is a general observation of the process.

Usually, innovation comes from younger people and those new to a given organization of any type.  The reasons for this would include the facts that those people most recently were exposed to ideas from outside the system, and have not settled into efficient routines which mitigate against change.  In law schools, those new people tend to be untenured.  This is a very general statement, of course — many great new ideas come from us old-timers, too.

One of the keys to receiving tenure, however, is not making any enemies.  Sadly, senior faculty sometimes feel threatened by innovation, and resent change even if it does not affect them — sometimes because it is an implicit challenge to the way they do things.  Untenured faculty understand this and, not wanting to make enemies, avoid innovation.   In the process they develop those comfortable efficiencies which in turn hinder innovation once they earn more freedom.

Tenure-track profs often receive the advice to "not make waves" during the period before tenure, and properly understand this to mean that they should avoid things that might alienate older colleagues — and many of those "things" would qualify as innovations.

Probably one way to address this would be to treat innovation as a distinct factor to be evaluated in the course of the tenure process.  We should encourage those best able to create positive change by counting that as a plus factor at tenure time.  That would (at least in part) address a problem we would probably rather not talk about — the protection of the status quo by senior faculty.

-- Mark Osler

November 29, 2006 in The tenure process | Permalink

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Comments

Mark, I think you’ve targeted a worthy conflict, but I worry about the practicalities of the solution. In short, the don’t-rock-the-boat mentality needs to disappear in order to inspire action in a group uniquely qualified and motivated to propose and implement changes. But that mentality will never disappear so long as unfavorable consequences, real or perceived, accompany boat rocking. While it will be difficult enough to remove these consequences, it may be impossible to convince the untenured faculty member that they have been removed.

First, innovation and a steady boat are at odds. Innovation, literally, requires something new – a change in the status quo. The extent of the rocking, practically, depends on whether the innovation means adding something in an uncharted area or changing something that exists. However characterized, the more the innovation requires a day-to-day adjustment on the part of the group that has developed and maintained the new status quo, the rockier the boat.

Second, the steady-boat preference exists for good reasons, or at least for reasons the preferrers genuinely believe are good. (No good discussion can come from a cynical view, so I won’t entertain it). Those who have worked to develop and maintain the status quo have done so because they feel it is the best way to accomplish the school’s objectives. A new arrival proposing a change is (again, literally) suggesting that despite less experience here, the newbie has a new and better way to do things. Or, she is at least proposing that she thinks there’s enough wrong with the old system to try something new. Of course we could put a better rhetorical flourish on innovation, change, modification, etc., but it’s those blunt statements that put innovation at odds, at least ostensibly, with a steady (tenure-friendly) boat.

When viewed from this angle, it does not surprise me that, realized or not, there is a preference for the steady boat and a resistance to its rocking. The dedicated group of incumbents, by nature, flinch when a new person proposes change. Agreeing to change requires an admission that the new way is better than the old way. Agreeing to dramatic change is difficult because it requires an admission that this very different way is better—and therefore, that what they’ve been doing before is worse. Add to that unwelcome realization the work that comes with both considering and implementing the solution, and I think the preference is understandable.

Adding “innovation” as a factor to consider is a great idea, if it is truly added as a factor, and not just a sentence in the tenure guidelines. But encouraging innovation among those whose job security depends upon the votes of those who have established the to-be-challenged practices is daunting. The controversial changes are the ones that need to be inspired. But to convince the voters to make those changes, the proponent must explain why the new way is better than the old way. Thus, the proponent must explain the flaws of the old way that one of the voters likely created and that most approved. I’m not sure that anything short of job security can ensure an open exchange with these matters.

Posted by: Untenured Prof | Nov 29, 2006 12:12:18 PM

Dr. Ben C. DeSpain providces a penetrating definition of tenure in higher education. Dr. DeSpain writes the following...

A Definition of Tenure in Higher Education
Our word "tenure" as applied in educational settings has a wide range of implications as a result of the rich heritage of the word, and because it shares a common stem or root with our word, "tender" which has one of multiple meanings closely related to the meaning of "tenure." A search of the unabridged dictionaries in the library of any college or university, whether one consults The American Heritage Dictionary, Webster's New International Dictionary, or the Random House Dictionary of the English Language, provides insight on the history of these two words. Both words trace back to the Latin root "ten" ('tenur' or 'tener' as the different forms emerged from Latin through Vulgar Latin, then Old French, Middle English, and Anglo-French.) The Latin word 'tenura' meant "the holding or possessing of anything, such as property, especially real property, of a superior in return for service to be rendered." Another meaning of the word was, "f! status granted to an emplovee, usuallv after a vrobationarv veriod. assuring him the permanencv of his vosition of emplovment.,,1 As the other form of the word, 'tener' evolved and emerged through the French and English languages it took on a slightly different meaning which became our word 'tender.' Two meanings serve to give us guidance: "to present for acceptance, an offer, " and "a vrofJer of monev. woverty. or service in satisfaction of an obligation or condition arising from a relationshiv between parties.,,2 It is the joining of the two underlined statements that form the basis of the concept of tenure for those of us in education. The elements of this word "tenure' include: a probationary period, an offer to grant a unique status, an exchange of goods, services, or property to satisfy an obligation, and a relationship of some degree of permanency of employment.
Let us step outside the realm of education to see how the concept of this unique relationship plays out in other professions because this same relationship exists in many professions under another name. For example, it happens in engineering firms, architectural firms, medical and legal firms. The young engineer, architect, doctor, or lawyer who rises to the top of the organization by distinguishing himself/herself over a sustained period of time is offered a partnership in the firm. That partnership denotes a unique arrangement or relationship between the firm and the new partner. It involves a special vested interest in the organization, a shared something, a two-way relationship between the firm and the new partner-a property right is granted each partner. Now, contrast what we do in education, can you imagine a law school graduate or architectural school graduate who has not passed the Bar Exam (still a law clerk) or the Architect Register Exam, (still a draftsman) being made a partner? If not, can you explain why a junior professor at a university with the rank of assistant and a master degree is tenured? Neither can I! What makes this matter all the more distressing is that in fifteen years in higher education, I cannot recall a single case where a tenured junior professor, assistant or associate rank ever stood for promotion.

53
In recent years, tenure has become a political football as more and more professors who have been granted tenure fail to understand that it has to do with something far greater than protection for the professor. The Board of Governance (BOG) and senior university administrators should be held responsible for their failure to make the meaning clear. The tenure concept has fallen into questionable respect in some quarters because of the lack of comprehension concerning the true meaning and purpose of tenure and because of poor choices of "acceptable" candidates. One of those quarters where tenure has come under increasing scrutiny is in state legislatures across the country. Many states now have something called "post tenure review," mandated by law, which is usually fixed on a five year cycle requiring a professor to spend time one year of each five providing evidence that he/she is still worthy of the tenure he/she enjoys. This does not make sense and provides more than a little evidence that we in higher education have not tended to professional matters adequately concerning tenure.

William Allan Kritsonis, PhD

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:37:43 AM

Dr. William Allan Kritsonis Inducted into the William H. Parker Leadership Academy Hall of Honor (HBCU)

Remarks by Angela Stevens McNeil
July 26th 2008

Good Morning. My name is Angela Stevens McNeil and I have the privilege of introducing the next Hall of Honor Inductee, Dr. William Allan Kritsonis. Dr. Kritsonis was chosen because of his dedication to the educational advancement of Prairie View A&M University students. He earned a Bachelor’s degree in 1969 from Central Washington University in Ellensburg, Washington. In 1971, he earned his Master’s in Education from Seattle Pacific University. In 1976, he earned his PhD from the University of Iowa.
Dr. Kritsonis has served and blessed the field of education as a teacher, principal, superintendent of schools, director of student teaching and field experiences, invited guest professor, author, consultant, editor-in-chief, and publisher. He has also earned tenure as a professor at the highest academic rank at two major universities.
In 2005, Dr. Kritsonis was an Invited Visiting Lecturer at the Oxford Round Table at Oriel College in the University of Oxford, Oxford, England. His lecture was entitled the Ways of Knowing through the Realms of Meaning.
In 2004, Dr. William Allan Kritsonis was recognized as the Central Washington University Alumni Association Distinguished Alumnus for the College of Education and Professional Studies.
Dr. William Kritsonis is a well respected author of more than 500 articles in professional journals and several books. In 1983, Dr. Kritsonis founded the NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS. These publications represent a group of highly respected scholarly academic periodicals. In 2004, he established the DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research. The DOCTORAL FORUM is the only refereed journal in America committed to publishing doctoral students while they are enrolled in course work in their doctoral programs. Over 300 articles have been published by doctorate and master’s degree students and most are indexed in ERIC.
Currently, Dr. Kritsonis is a Professor in the PhD Program in Educational Leadership here at Prairie View A&M University.
Dr. William Kritsonis has dedicated himself to the advancement of educational leadership and to the education of students at all levels. It is my honor to bring him to the stage at this time as a William H. Parker Leadership Academy Hall of Honor Inductee.

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:39:24 AM


Dr. William Allan Kritsonis

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

2008

Morgan, M., & Kritsonis, W.A.(2008) Beyond the First Days of School: The Recruitment, Retention, and Development of Quality Teachers in Hard-to-Staff Schools: A National Focus. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25 (3)

Kritsonis, W.A., & Marshall, R.L.(2008) Doctoral Dissertation Advising: Keyes to Improvement of Completion Rates. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25 (3)

Laub, J.D., DeSpain, B.C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) An Analysis of the Rural Public School
Superintendency. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision
Journal, 25 (2)

Torrez, A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Smaller Learning Communities: Pre-Implementation Planning Critical to Success. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21 (2)

Ivy, Adam, I., Herrington, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A.(2008). The Challenge of Building Professional Learning Communities: Getting Started. National FORUM of Applied Education Research Journal, 21 (2)

McLeod, K., Tanner, T., & Kritsonis,W.A. (2008). National Impact: Model of a Culturally Active Classroom. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21 (2)

Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Functions of the Dissertation Advisor. National Journal: Focus On Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 2 (1)

Hines, III, M., & Kritsonis, W.A.(2008). National Implications: Racial Differences in In-service Teachers’ Perceptions’ of Caucasian American Culturally Proficient School Leadership.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25 (4)

Morgan, M. M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). The Real Philadelphia Experiment: How Benjamin
Franklin’s 13 Virtues can Save a School from Itself. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18 (3)

Herrington, D.E., Kritsonis, W.A., & Tanner, T. (2008). National Recommendations for Deconstructing Educational Leadership Courses: Re-Centering to Address the Needs of Students. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25

Butcher, J., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) A National Perspective: Utilizing the Postmodern Theoretical Paradigm to Close the Achievement Gap and Increase Student Success in Public Education America. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25 (4)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No ED499482)

Egbe, R., Ivy, A., Moreland, B., Willis, L., Herrington, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). Ten Things to Consider When Developing a Survey or Assessment Instrument. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21 (3)

Glasco, R.L., Herrington, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). Developing and Nuturing a Common Vision for Technology Integration in Education. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21 (3)

Herrington, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). Essential Reflections for Non-Profits and School Prior to Writing and Submitting Grant Proposals. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21 (3)

Cloud, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). National Implications: Implementing Postmodernistic Strategies and the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning for the Improvement of Ethical Conduct for the Improvement of Public Education. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21 (3) (ERIC Documentation Reproduction Service No.ED499279)

Watkins, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). Aristotle, Philosophy, and the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning: A National Study on Integrating a Postmodernist Approach to Education and Student Academic Achievement. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21 (3)
(ERIC Documentation Reproduction Service No.ED499545)

Butcher, J., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning to Assist Leaders in Retaining Alternatively Certified Teachers: Six National Recommendations for Improving Education in the United States of America. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21 (3)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No ED499483)

Bowman, E., Herrington, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). Seven Ways to Increase At-Risk Student Participation in Extra-Curricular Activities. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18 (3)

Puentes, H., Herrington, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). A Case Study with National Implications: Student Mobility and Academic Achievement at a Selected Elementary School Campus. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18 (3)

Jedlicka,K., Herrington, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). The Persistence of Teacher Under-Utilization of Computer Technologies in the Classroom. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18 (3)

Cloud, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). National Agenda: Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning for the Improvement of Public Education. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18 (3)

Smith, M.M., Herrington, D.E., Kritsonis, W.A., & Tanner, T. (2008). National Implications: Ten Things to Consider When Teaching Mathematics to African American Students. National FORUM of Multicultural Issues Journal, 5 (1)

McLeod, K., Tanner, T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). National Recommendations for Improving Cultural Diversity: Model of a Culturally Active Classroom Setting. National FORUM of Multicultural Issues Journal, 5 (1)

Joshua, M.T., Joshua, A.M., Obi, F.B., Umoinyang, I.E., Ntukidem, E.P., Kritsonis, W.A., Tanner, T., & DeMoulin, D.F. (2008). Conceptualization and Perceptions of Teaching as an Artistic Form: National and International Implications for Evaluation and Assessment. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 11 (1)

Joshua, A.M., Ukpong, E.M., Joshua, M.T., Kritsonis, W.A., Tanner, T., & DeMoulin, D.F. (2008). Distribution Patterns of the Four Fundamental Temperaments among Secondary School Students in Cross River State, Nigeria: National and International Implications. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 11 (1)

Joshua, M.T., Bassey, S.W., Asim, A.E., Kritsonis, W.A., Tanner, T. & DeMoulin, D.F. (2008). National and International Implications for Universal Basic Education: Primary School Teachers’ Perceived and Conceived Continuous Assessment Difficulties and Reporting Competence in Cross River South, Nigeria. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 11 (1)

Kritsonis, W. A. (2008). Functions of the Dissertation Advisor. National Journal: FOCUS On Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 2 (1)

Watkins, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). National Promise for Student Academic Achievement and Success: Connecting Learning Utilizing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. National Journal: FOCUS On Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 2 (1)

Taylor, J.H., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Implications: Quality of Effort and Selected Demographic Variables Contributing to the Prediction of Cognitive Outcomes. National Journal: FOCUS On Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 2 (1)

O’Brine,C.R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). Segregation Through Brown vs. the Board of Education: A Setback or Landmark Case. DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5 (1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction No.ED499169)

Collins, C.J., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Agenda: Implementing Postmodern Strategies
To Guide Educational Leaders in Creating Schools for Quality Learning in Public Education
in America. DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction No.ED499554)

Coates-McBride, A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). The M&M Effect-Assessing the Impact of Merit Pay on Teacher Motivation: National Implications. DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5 (1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction No.ED499772)

Terry, L.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). A National Issue: Whether the Teacher Turnover Effects Students’ Academic Performance? DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5 (1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED499543)

Walden, L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). The Impact of the Correlation Between the No Child Left Behind Act’s High Stakes Testing and the Drop-Out Rates of Minority Students. DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5 (1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED499541)

Springs, M.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). National Implications: Practical Ways for Improving Student Self-Concept Through Student Achievement. DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5 (1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED499551)

Morgan, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). A National Focus: The Recruitment, Retention, and Development of Quality Teachers in Hard-to-Staff Schools. DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5 (1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.499323)

Charlton, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). The Documentation Process: The Administrator’s Role and the Interplay of Necessity, Support, and Collaboration. DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5 (1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED499101)

Henderson, F.T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). Graduation Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: A Review of the Literature. DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5 (1)

Torrez, A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008). National Impact for Pre-Implementation of Smaller Learning Communities. DOCTORAL FORUM: National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 5 (1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED499477)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Impact of the Mathematics Curriculum on the Success of African American High School Students. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18(1& 2)

Smith, Y.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Leaving Good Teachers Behind: A Professional Dilemma. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18(1& 2)

Norfleet, S., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Educational Leadership for Improved School-Community Relations. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18(1& 2)

Watkins, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Utilizing the Ways of Knowing Through The Realms of Meaning for a Postmodern Approach to Effecting Change in Special Education. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18(1& 2)

Townsell, R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Human Resource Management in Small Rural Districts: The Administrator’s Role in Recruitment, Hiring, and Staff Development. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18(1& 2
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED497694)

Love, A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) A Principal’s Role in Retaining First Year Teachers. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18(1& 2)

Jacobs, K.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Utilizing The William Allan Kritsonis Balanced Teeter-Totter Model as a Means to Cultivate a Legacy of Transformational Leaders in Schools.
National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 18(1& 2)

Kritsonis, W. (2008). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Educational Administration and
Supervision Journal, 25(3)

Kritsonis, W. (2008). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Educational Administration and
Supervision Journal, 25(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2008). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Educational Administration and
Supervision Journal, 25(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2008). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2008). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 21(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2008). FOREWORD. National FORUM Teacher Education Journal, 18(1 & 2)

Kritsonis, W. (2008). FOREWORD. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 11(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2008). On-Line Scholarly Electric Journal Division, National FORUM Journals. Available daily: www.nationalforum.com

______________________________________________________________________________
Mentored Research - 2008

Dr. Kritsonis
Mentoring and Teaching Doctoral Students and Colleagues to Write for Professional Publication - Refereed Articles Published

Sturgis, K.., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Characteristics of the Postmodern Educational Leader: National Implications for Improving Education in America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

White, P.A. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Education in the United States of America: Six Philosophical Strategies for Selecting Curriculum Using the Ways of Knowing through the Realms of Meaning. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Sturgis, K.., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) How to Implement the Ways of Knowing through the Realms of Meaning as a Process for Selecting Curriculum for the Development of the Complete Person.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Perkins, T., & Kritsonis, W.A.(2008) Improving Education in America: Implementing the Ways of Knowing through the Realms of Meaning. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)

Smith, G., F. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Leadership for High School Reform in the United States of America: A Postmodern Concept within a Modernist Campus. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Collins, C.J. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Agenda: Implementing Postmodern Strategies to Guide Educational Leaders in Creating Schools for Quality Learning in Public Education in America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Holloway, F., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Agenda: Strategies for Improving Student
Learning and the Human Condition in Public Education in the United States of America.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Perkins, T., & Kritsonis, W.A.(2008) Improving Education in America: Implementing the Ways of Knowing through the Realms of Meaning. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)

Collins, C.J. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Implications: Implementing Strategies for Improving Academic Achievement in Public Education in the United States. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Smith, G., F. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Leadership for High School Reform in the United States of America: A Postmodern Concept within a Modernist Campus. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Collins, C.J. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Agenda: Implementing Postmodern Strategies to Guide Educational Leaders in Creating Schools for Quality Learning in Public Education in America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Iwundu, L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Implications: Strategies for Dealing with Growing Diverse Populations in Public Education in the United States of America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Brown, D.R., Jr., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Implications for Applying Transitional Leadership in a Postmodern Paradigm for Education in the United States of America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Duong, R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Implications for Postmodernism within the Realms of Educational Leadership. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Perkins, T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Implications: Postmodernism and Its Effect on Public Schools in the United States of America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)

Duong, R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Implications for Educational Leaders in Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning in the Improvement of Academic Achievement. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Iwundu, L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Policy Issues and Trends: Strategies for Implementing Postmodern Thinking to Guide Decision Making in the United States of America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

White, P.A. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) National Recommendations for Implementing Postmodernism in an Educational Organization for the Improvement of Public Education in the United States of America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Evans, L. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Postmodern Philosophical Thinking: National Implications and Recommendations for Educational Leaders in the United States of America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Evans, L. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Strategies for Improving Public Education in the United States of America: On the Development of Complete Persons. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Smith, G. F., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Strategies for Meeting National Standards and Improving Academic Achievement in Public Education in the United States of America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Holloway, F., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) The Emerging Challenges for the World of Education:
That Was Then – This Is Now. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student
Research, 7 (Spring)

Jedrys. J., Butler, N.L. Tanner, T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Dissertation Summation: Application of Selected Geophysical Methods in Facies Differentiation on Upper Jurassic Sediments in the
Cracow--Czestochowa Upland. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
7 (Spring)

Butler, N.L. Tanner, T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Do Polish Higher Institution Learners Prefer to Learn How to Speak English from a Native Speaker Rather than from a Non-Native Instructor: A Snapshot Comment. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
7 (Spring)

Butler, N.L., Smith, S., Davidson, B.S., Tanner, T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools vs. Canadian Community Colleges: A Comparison of Information Accessibility and Accountability. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Should Tuition Fees be required of Polish Higher School Students who Study Full-Time? The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Are Polish Higher School Students in Agreement with HIV/AIDS Education Awareness Programs in Polish Primary and Secondary Schools which Include Homosexual Practices? A Brief Note. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Trzaskus-Zak, inz Beata, Buter, N.L., Kritsonis, W.A., & Griffith, K.G. (2008) A Method of
Designation of Marginal Volumes of Economical Factors on a Two-Part Sale Price in the
Gas Distribution Industry. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
7 (Spring)

Kuklina, S.S., butler, N.L., Kritsonis, W.A. & Griffith, K.G. (2008) Learning Tolls for Overcoming Difficulties in Structuring Cooperative Activities in EFL Classrooms.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)
Butler, N.L., Kritsonis, W.A., Hines III, M, & Griffith, K.G. (2008) International Education:
Are Polish Higher School Learners Studying Spanish So That They Can Secure Employment
in Spain? A Brief Commentary. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

Butler, N.L., Davidson, B.S., Kritsonis, W.A., Griffith, K.G. (2008) International Education:
Do Polish Higher School Students Prefer Speaking in Person, Listening, Reading or Writing
During Spanish Classes? The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
7 (Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED500292)


Brady, E.C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Targeting Reading Fluency for ESL Students: A research based and practical application. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED500036)

Finch, J., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2008) Unmarried Couples with Children. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 7 (Spring)

2007

Herrington, David E., Kritsonis, William A., Proctor, Kathleen Kidd & Garza-Brown,
Guadalupe (2007 Fall). Campus Level Grant Writing: Leveraging Teacher Talent to Access
External Funding. Journal of Border Educational Research 6(1).

Osterholm, K., Nash, W.R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Effects of Labeling Students
Learning Disabled”: Emergent Themes in the Research Literature 1970 Through 2000.
National Journal: FOCUS on Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 1(1)

Osterholm, K., Horn, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) College Professors as Potential Victims
Of Stalking: Awareness and Prevention: National Implications. National Journal: FOCUS
On Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 1(1)

Williams, M.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Implications: Why HBCU Presidents
Need Entrepreneurial Focus. National Journal: FOCUS On Colleges, Universities, and
Schools, 1(1)

Belshaw, S.H., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Implications in Juvenile Justice: The
Influence of Juvenile Mentoring Programs On At-Risk Youth. The International Child Care
Network CYC-Online, Issue 106 - Online, 106, November.

Obo, F.E., Joshua, M.T., Kritsonis,W.A., & Marshall, R.L. (2007). Some Student-Personal Variables as Predictors of Mathematics Achievement in Secondary Schools in Central Cross River State, Nigeria. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal 24(2)

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). The Influence of Parenting Style on Psychosocial Adjustment. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(2)

Joshua, M.T., Ubi, I.O., Kritsonis, W.A., & Marshall, R.L. (2007). Gender, Personality and Neurotic Factors in Mathematics Achievement among Secondary School Students in Calabar, Nigeria. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(2)

Pomykal, D.F., Hopper, P.F., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Impact: Creating Teacher
Leaders Through the Use of Problem-Based Learning. National FORUM of Applied
Educational Research Journal, 20(3)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Banning Cell Phones in Public Schools: Analyzing
A National School and Community Relations Problem. National FORUM of Educational
Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(3)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED497423)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National School Debate: Banning Cell Phones on
Public School Campuses in America. National FORUM of Educational Administration
and Supervision Journal, 25(4)

Wilson, M.A., & Kritsonis (2007) Melody Wilson’s Theoretical Framework Model on the
Effectiveness of Pre-Kindergarten Montessori Programs on Preparedness of Children for
Kindergarten. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3)

Henderson, II, F.T., Rouce, S.D., Wawrykow, G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Impact:
Eugenics and Its Societal Implications. National FORUM of Multicultural Issues Journal, 4(2)

Henderson, N., Wood, J., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Muslins in America. National FORUM of Multicultural Issues Journal, 4(2)

Jacobs, K.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Strategies for Educational Leaders to Implement Postmodern Thinking in Public Education in the United States of America. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4)

Herrington, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Serendipitous Findings of A School-University Collaboration: A Case Study with National Implications for Supporting Novice Teachers. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3)

Townsell, R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Who in the World is Ayn Rand? Doctoral FORUM-
National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED49467)

Watkins, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand: A Comparative and Epistemological Philosophical Perspective Based on the Theoretical Framework of the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning by William Allan Kritsonis, PhD. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1)

Henderson, III, F.T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Graduation Rates at Historically Black Colleges
and Universities: A Review of the Literature. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1)

Wakins, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Atlas Shrugged by Any Rand: A Comparative and
Epistemological Philosophical Perspective Based on the theoretical Framework of the
Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning by William Allan Kritsonis, PhD.
Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1)

Anthony, T.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). A Mixed Methods Assessment of the Effectiveness of Strategic EMentoring in Improving the Self-Efficacy and Persistence (or retention) of Alternatively Certified Novice Teachers within an Inner City School District. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1) (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No ED494448)

Patton, M.C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Great Minds Think Differently: Sustaining a System of Thinking. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1) (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED494511)

Skinner, D.A. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). When to be Selfish: Objectivism at its Best. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1)

Savoy, E. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). National Implications: Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning as an Ethical Decision-Making Process to Improve Academic Achievement-Ten Recommendations. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1)

Watkins, D. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Developing a Curriculum for At-Risk and Low Performing High School Students: Teaching Shakespeare to At-Risk Students Utilizing Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1)

Williams, M.G. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). National Implications: Why HBCU Presidents Need Entrepreneurial Focus. National Journal: FOCUS on Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 1(1)


Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Educational Administration and
Supervision Journal, 24(3)

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Educational Administration and
Supervision Journal, 24(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Educational Administration and
Supervision Journal, 24(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM Teacher Education Journal, 17(1 & 2)

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 10(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2007). On-Line Scholarly Electric Journal Division, National FORUM Journals. Available daily: www.nationalforum.com

Recent International

Smith, C., Butler, N.L., Hughes, T.A., Herrington, D., & Kritsonis, W.A (2007).
TECHNOLINGUA, Cracow, Poland. June 25-26, 2007 – AGH University of Science and Technology. Paper presentation: Native vs. Nonnative English Teachers in Polish Schools: Personal Reflections

Smith, C., Butler, N.L., Hughes, T.A., Herrington, D., & Kritsonis, W.A (2007).
Conference on Problems in Language, Teaching, Vyatka State University of the Humanities, Kirov, Russia, February 14-15 2007. Three papers accepted and published: 1) Native and Non-Native Teachers of English in Polish Schools – Personal Reflections: International Implications, 2) Observations on Native vs. Nonnative EFL Teachers in Poland, 3) The Role of Communication Context, Corpus-Based Grammar, and Scaffolded Interaction in ESL/EFL Instruction

______________________________________________________________________________
Mentored Research - 2007

Dr. Kritsonis
Mentoring and Teaching Doctoral Students and Colleagues to Write for Professional Publication - Refereed Articles Published

Berkins, C.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Curriculum Leadership: Curriculum for the At-Risk Student. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No ED498643)

Nazemzadeh, N., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Postmodernism, Higher Education, and Economics: A Different View. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Nazemzadeh, N., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Economics and the Six Realms of Meaning. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Renfro, J.M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Organization Leadership 101: The Importance pf Identifying and Implementing Character Trait Assessments that Move Educational Leaders to Levels of Excellence. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Cheng-Chieh, L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Five Instructional Strategies for ESL Leaders: Improving ESL Learning through Cultural Activities. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Wawrzyniak, K., Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Brief Summary of a Doctoral Dissertation in Geophysics. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Cheng-Chieh, L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) CALL Application Electronic Portfolio in the Second Language Classroom. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Berkins, C.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Curriculum Leadership: New Trends and Career and Technical Education. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED498616)

Nickerson G.T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) An Investigation of How the Factors of Time on Task and Study Habits Contribute or Inhibit the Academic Success of Minority Students. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Nazemzadeh, N., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Ayn Rand: The Nonfiction Work. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Maintaining Ethical Leadership and High “Diversity” Standards in Higher Education: A National Issue in Educational Leadership. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Thomas, K., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) What Will It Take to Have an Effective Campusss? National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Norfleet, S., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Leadership Strategies for Closing the Achievement Gap.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Sands, A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Three Factors Contributing to African American Males Being Placed into Special Education Classes: National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Muschalek, B., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Insight: 5 Strategies to Reach and Teach at-Risk Students. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Watkins, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Focus: Enhancing Student Achievement and Teacher Efficacy Through Effective Grant Writing and Creative Instructional Programming.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Mroz, L., Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) A Brief Note about the Functions of Discourse Markers in Discourse Coherence. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Butler, N.L., Burbelko, A., Rajzer, I., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) International Education Report: AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland: Noteworthy Doctoral Recipients. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Jacobs, K.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Utilizing Culture to Improve Communication and School Involvement with Parents from Diverse Backgrounds as a Means to Improve Student Achievements Levels in the United States: A National Focus. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Firebaugh, K.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Epidemic: Five Benefits of Implementing the CATCH Program into a Physical Education Curriculum in Helping Fight Childhood Obesity.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Fall)

Jacobs, K.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) An Analysis of Teacher and Student Absenteeism in Urban Schools: What the Research Says and Recommendations for Educational Leaders. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Fall)

Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The School’s Concern with Grades and the
Societal Consequences. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED497506)

Butler, N.L., Kritsonis, W.A., & Griffith, K. (2007) The School As An Organization and Social
Institution: A Brief Note. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
4(Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495206)

Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) International Impact: Agreement or Non-
Agreement: Are Polish Higher School Students in Agreement with a Law that Punishes
People for Encouraging Homosexuality in Polish Primary and Secondary Schools?
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED497437)

Butler, N.L., Davidson, B.S., Pachocinski, R., Griffith, K.G., Kritsonis, W.A. (2007)
International Perspectives: Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools: A Comparison Using An Information Technology Conceptual Model. The Lamar University Electronic Journal Student Research, 4 (Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No ED497437)

Rajzer, I., Griffith, K.G., Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Investigations into the Use of Fibrous Carbon-
Based Materials as Scaffold for Tissue Engineering by Izabella Rajzer. The Lamar
University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Doucet, G., Grant, L.E., Brown, V.E., Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Update: Zero
Tolerance School Disciplinary Policy and Criminology Theory. The Lamar University
Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer 2007)

Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., Kritsonis, W.A. Non-formal Education in Poland and Canada –
Compared: A Brief Commentary. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student
Research, 4 (Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No ED497368)

Kritsonis, W.A., & Griffith, K.G. (2007) On Writing Well for Professional Publication in
National Refereed Journals in Education. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of
Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Butler, N.L., Davidson, B.S., Pachocinski, R., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007)
Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges: A
Comparison using the School as an Organization and Social Institution as a Conceptual
Framework. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED497362)
Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Student Ratings of Faculty Performance
In Polish Higher Schools: A Brief Note. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of
Student Research, 4 (Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED497453)

Wells, W.D., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Achievement Gap between
African-American and Non-minority Students: How Can We Close the Gap?
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Use of Positive Youth Development
Constructs in Career Development Programs for Incarcerated Juvenile Offenders.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Virtual University: A Brief Note.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Townsell, R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) A National Look at Postmodernism’s Pros and Cons in
Educational Leadership. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
4 (Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED497693)

Skinner, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Bring You Best Self to an Interview. The Lamar
University Electronic Journal of Student Research 4 (Summer)

Butcher, J., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Human Resource Management: Managerial Efficacy in
Recruiting and Retaining Teachers – National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer) (ERIC Documentation Reproduction Service No ED497357)

Williams, L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Leaders We Have a Problem! It is Teacher Retention…What Can We Do About It? The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer) (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No ED497436)

Cloud, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Agenda: Development of Best Practices in Human
Resources using Ways of Knowing through the Realms of Meaning as the Framework.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No ED497363)

Williams, M.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Focus on Postmodernism in Higher
Education. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Evans, L.M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Impact: The Role of Human Resources
Management and Leadership Development in Education and Their Effectiveness on Teacher
Retention. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Duong, R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Implications: Characteristics of Effective
Leadership in K-12. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4
(Summer)

Williams, M.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Implications: Examining Motivational
Factors among Employees in Higher Education. The Lamar University Electronic Journal
of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Holloway, F.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Implications: That Was Then, This is Now.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Melvin, S., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Implications: Those Who Care, Teach – Strategies
That Promote the Recruitment and Retention of Classroom Teachers. The Lamar University
Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Watkins, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Implications: Watkins/Kritsonis Guide to Human Resources Management Utilizing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Melvin, S., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Phenomenon – Fenwick English’s Postmodernism
Goes to Hollywood. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4
(Summer)

Collins, C.J., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Viewpoint: How to Implement the Ways of
Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning as an Ethical Decision Making Process for
Counselors to Improve Student Achievement. The Lamar University Electronic Journal
of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

White, P.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Essence of Effective Administrative Leadership:
National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
4 (Summer)

Smith, C., Butler, N.L., Hughes, T.A., Herrington, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Observations
On Native vs. Non-native EFL Teachers in Poland. The Lamar University Electronic Journal
of Student Research, 4(Summer)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED495201)

Evans, L.M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Moral Project – The Effects of Benjamin Franklin’s
Thirteen Virtues within My Life. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student
Research, 4 (Summer)
Roos, L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Use of Positive Youth Development Constructs in
Career Development Programs for Incarcerated Juvenile Offenders. The Lamar University
Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Summer)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (20077) New Strategies for Educational Leaders to Implement
Postmodern Thinking in Public Education in the United States of America: Creating a
National Change Strategy. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction No.ED497435)

Jacobs, K., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Strategies for Implementing Postmodern Thinking ofr
Improving Secondary Education in Public Education in the United States of America:
National Impact. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495312)

Krukiewicz-Gacek, A., Griffith, K., Skrynicka-Knapczyk, D., Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A.
(2007) Should We Teach English for Work Purposes to Undergraduates at Polish Higher
Schools? The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495376)

Hughes, T.A., Butler, N.L., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, David (2007) Primary and Secondary
Education in Canada and Poland Compared: International Implications. The Lamar
University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495075)

Butler, N.D., Davidson, B.S., Mroz, L., Brown, V., Griffith, K., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007)
Do Polish High School Students Prefer Speaking in Person, Listening, Reading or Writing
During EFL Classes? The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service NO.ED495075)

Smith, C., Butler, N.L., Hughes, T.A., Herrington, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Native vs Nonnative English Teachers in Polish Schools: Personal Reflections. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring) (ERIC Document Reproduction No ED495069)

Hughes, T.A., Hughes, J.T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Brief Reflections on Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand: National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)

Butler, N.L., Hughes, T.A., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) Native and Non-Native Teachers of English in Polish Schools-Personal Reflections: International Educational Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495206)

Hughes, T.A., Butler, N.L., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. Cheating in Examinations in Two Polish Higher Education Schools. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring) (ERIC Documentation Reproduction Service No ED4955076)

Hughes, T.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) A Historical Perspective of National Educational Reform Efforts. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Hughes, T.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Professional Learning Communities and the Positive Effects on Student Achievement: A National Agenda for School Improvement. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Hughes, T.A., Butler, N.L., Kritsonis, M.A., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) Religious Education in Government-Run Primary and Secondary Schools in Poland and Canada (Ontario and Quebec) - An International Focus. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495110)

Laub, J.D. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) A National Perspective: Transforming Leadership in America’s Rural Public Schools. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Hughes, T.A., Butler, N.L., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) Education in Canada: A Lecture to the Polish Comparative Education Society. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Hughes, T.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) An Independent Publisher Online’s Highlighted Titles Book Awards and Recognition for Exceptional Teachers. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Anderson, A.C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Perspectives of Ayn Rand on the Virtues of Selfishness (1964). The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Anderson, A.C. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Postmodern Philosophical Thinking and Recommendations According to Fenwick English. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Anthony, T.D., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) Postmoderism and the Implications for Educational Leadership: National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495291)


Anthony, T.D., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) National Cry for Help: Psychological Issues as They Relate to Education; A Realistic Approach to Understanding and Coping with the African American Males. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495296)

Anthony, T.D., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) An Analysis of Human Resource Management: Involving Administrative Leadership as a Means to Practical Applications: National Focus. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495294)

Anthony, T.D., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) How to Implement the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning in Human Resource Management-Ten Recommendation: National Impact. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No ED495293)

Scott-Ferguson., B., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) Human Resource Management and Special Education Administrative Leadership. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Scott-Ferguson., B., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) The Development of Human Resource Management and School Board Relations: National Considerations. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Branch, R.M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Impact: Strategies for Successfully Implementing Postmodern Theory and Practice in Educational Leadership for Improving Schooling in the United States of America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Gilliam, J.C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Creative Strategies for Implementing Postmodernism Thinking for University Administrators to Improve Colleges and Universities in the United States: National Possibilities. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Jacobs, K.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Recommendations: Strategies for Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning for the Development of Professional Personnel. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495313)

Jacobs, K.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) An Analysis of the Objectivist Ethics in Educational Leadership Through Ayn Rand’s The Virtues of Selfishness (1964). The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495311)
Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Implications for Urban School Systems: Strategic Planning in the Human Resource Management Department in a Large Urban School District. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED497431)

Cloud, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) An Epistemological Analysis of Atlas Shrugged and The Virtues of Selfishness by Ayn Rand: The Ten Most Poignant Points: International Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Brown, D.R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) An Exploration of Ten Salient Ideas as Presented by Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged Supported by Virtues of Selfishness. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Brown, D.R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Brown’s Model of Ethics: National Impact. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Cloud, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) National Implications: Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning for Improvement of Ethical Conduct. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring) (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495067)

Butcher, J.T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning for the Improvement of Ethical Conduct: Ten National Recommendations. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495205)

Sturgis, K.K., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) An Analysis of Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Williams, M.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Integrating the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning to Improve National Fundraising Objectives. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Butcher, J.T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Impact of Objectivism on Humankind National and International Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Williams, M.G., Herrington, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Oral History: A Viable Methodology for 21st Century Educational Administration Research: National Impact. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Perkins, T., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Ten Penetrating Ideas Presented in Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged (1957) The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Demaris, M.C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Residential Learning Communities on Historically Black College and University Campuses. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring) (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED495305)

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Stigma of Mental Illness: Exploring the Nature and Resolution of Stereotypical Conceptions. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Hughes, T.A., Kritsonis, W.A., & Kritsonis, M.A. (2007) Writing for Professional Publication.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Joshua, A.M., Joshua, M.T., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007) Assessment of the Depth of Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Possessed by Secondary School Students in Southern Cross River State, Nigeria. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Springs, M.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Improving Student Self-Concept Through Student Achievement. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Smith, C., Butler, N.L., & Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) The Role of Communication Context, Corpus-Based Grammar, and Scaffolded Interaction in ESL/EFL Instruction. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495290)

Krukiewica-Gacek, A., Griffith, K.G., Skrynicka-Knapczyk, D., Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Should We Teach English for Work Purposes to Undergraduates at Polish Higher Schools? The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Herrington, D., Griffith, K.G., Brown, V.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) “Mixed Methods” Research Designs. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)

Smith, C., Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Observations on Native vs. Nonnative EFL Teachers in Poland. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495201)

Webb, P., Kritsonis, W.A., & Griffith, K.G. (2007) Spare the Rod, Destroy the Child: Examining the Speculative Association of Corporal Punishment and Deviant Behavior among Youth: National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED496203)

Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) International Implications: Are Polish
Higher Learners in Favour of Darwin’s Theory of Evolution Being Taught in Primary
and Secondary Schools? The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
4 (Spring)

Doucet, G., Herrington, D., Griffith, K.G., Brown, V.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007)
Zero Tolerance School Disciplinary Policy: National Implications for Criminology Theory,
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring 2007)

Asotska, J., Butler, N.L., Davidson, B.S., Griffith, K.G., Brown, V.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007)
Are Polish Primary School Pupils in Favour of Wearing Uniforms? Snapshot Comment.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495988)

Butler, N.L., Davidson, B.S., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) International Update:
Are the Recent Reforms in Polish Education Making it harder for School Discipline to be
Maintained in Schools? The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
4 (Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495956)

Nervis, III, J., Kritsonis, W.A., & Griffith, K.G. (2007) She Is My Teacher. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)

Butler, N.L., Davidson, B.S., Griffith, K.G., Brown, V.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007)
Comparative International Education: Institutions of Higher Education in Poland and
Canadian Universities: A Comparison Using an Information Technology Conceptual
Framework. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495955)

Butler, N.L., Brown, V.E., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) Polish High School Learners: Are They Studying English To Secure Employment in Great Britain or Ireland?
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED496152)

Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) An Ontological Update: Are Polish Higher
School Learners Consistent in Their Agreement with Cheating in Examinations Sessions?
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED496243)

Butler, N.L., Griffith, K.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007) An International Perspective: The School
As an Organizational and Social Institution: Current Challenges. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4 (Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED496245)

2006

Jacobs, K.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). How to Implement the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning in Human Resource Management: Ten Recommendations for Selecting Campus Administrators. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED494799)

Webb, P., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Zero-Tolerance Policies and Youth: Protection or Profiling? Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1) (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493837)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Implications: Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning in Human Resource Management and Development. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Critical Analysis of an Original Writing on Social Learning Theory: Imitation of Film-Mediated Aggressive Models. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Savoy, E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Implications: Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning as an Ethical Decision-Making Process to Improve Academic Achievement-Ten Recommendations. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Collins, C.J., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Viewpoint: The Importance of Hiring a Diverse Faculty. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED499556)

Watkins, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Developing a Curriculum for At-Risk and Low Performing High School Students: Teaching Shakespeare to At-Risk Students Through Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Skinner, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). How to Implement the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms Of Meaning as an Ethical Decision-Making Process to Improve Academic Achievement-Ten Recommendations. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495079

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). A Critical Analysis of John B. Watson’s Original Writing: “Behaviorism as a Behaviorist Views It.” National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3)
Webb, P., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Controlling Those Kids: Social Control and the Use of Pretrial Detention Among Youth in the United States of America: National Implications. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). The Impact of Poland’s 1990 Bill on Schools of Higher
Education. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 9(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493620)

Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Similarities and Differences: Post-Secondary (Grammar) Vocational Schools in Poland and Canadian Community Colleges. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 9(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493569)

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006) Relapse Prevention for Alcoholism. Doctoral
FORUM- Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006) From Multiple Personality Disorder to Disassociate
Identity Disorder: A Clinical Overview of Diagnosis and Treatment Considerations.
Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student
Research, 3(1)

Patton, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). The Law of Increasing Returns: A Process for Retaining Teachers- National Recommendations. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495298)

Williams, M.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Raising More Money at the Nation’s Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493566)

Belshaw, S.H., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Implications in Education and Juvenile Justice: Bridging the Gap Between Court Order Juvenile Mentoring Programs and Secondary Educators. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1) (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493124)

Skinner, D.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Educational Leaders as Stewards: Selecting a National Curriculum Guided by the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493140)


Cloud, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Agenda: A Holistic Approach for the Development of a Campus Improvement Plan using Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning as the Framework. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1) (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493111)

Townsell, R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Insight: A Look at Synnoetics in One African
American Female’s Journey to the Principalship. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal
for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493442)

Demaris, M.C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). A Philosophical Approach to Minority Student Persistence on a Historically Black College and University Campus. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493143)

Joshua, M.T., Joshua, A.M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Use of Student Achievement Scores as a Basis for Assessing Teachers’ Instructional Effectiveness: Issues and Research Results.
National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3)

Anthony, T.D., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Implications: An Analysis of E- Mentoring Induction Year Programs for Novice Alternatively Certified Teachers. Doctoral FORUM-
National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED493137)

Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Brief Summary of Doctoral Dissertation: Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 9(1)

Nickson, L., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A National Perspective: An Analysis of Factors that
Influence Special Educators to Remain in the Field of Education. Journal of the
American Academy of Special Education Professionals, Spring 2006

Anthony, T.D., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Bilingualism and How it Impacts the African American Child. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492546)

Cheng-Chieh L.., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). The Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer Technology in Second Language Acquisition. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492159)

Cloud, M., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Crisis: Recognizing the Culture of Eating Disorders in School Settings. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1) (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492192)

Ellison, E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Free Tutoring Programs to Augument Student Success. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Ellison, E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Making Educational Methods More Lucrative: A Postmodernist’s Perspective. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Gassama, S., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Dropout Prevention Among Urban Minority Students: Program Evaluation and Practical Implications. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Jacobs, K., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). An Assessment of Secondary Principal’s Leadership and Skills in Retaining and Renewing Science Educators in Urban Schools. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492156)

Jacobs, K., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Partially Decentralizing Administrative Practices in Secondary Schools to Develop Collective Staff Efficacy and Improve Student Achievement. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1))
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492155

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Dilemma: African American Students Underrepresented in Advanced Mathematics Courses. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492138)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). The Achievement Gap in Mathematics: A Significant Problem for African American Students. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492139)

Norfleet, S., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A Postmodern Idea for Improving Schools. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Norfleet, S., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). School Factors that Influence Closing the Academic Achievement Gap for African American Students. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Smith, Y.E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Recommendations for Implementing Symbolics: Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492099)

Smith, Y.E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). The Differences in Professional Development with Corporate Companies and Public Education. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492100)

Love, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Well Rounded Student Professional Development. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Nickerson, G.T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). An Analysis of the Factors that Impact Academic Achievement Among Asian American, African American, and Hispanic Students. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Anderson, A.C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Implications: Factors of Gender Biases Impacting Urban Public Students. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Anderson, A.C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A National Exploration of Diversity and Culture in Schools and Corporations. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Wilson, M., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A Primitive Revelation to Reading. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Gilliam, J.C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Impact: The Effects of Mentorship on the Level of Retention for African American Freshman Students Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Gilliam, J.C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Implications: The Hidden Nature of Doctoral Student Attrition. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Branch, R.M., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Agenda: Minority Teacher Recruitment, Development, and Retention. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED499769)

Nickerson, G.T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A Global Perspective: A Comparative of Asian and American Educational Systems that Impact Student Academic Achievement. Doctoral
FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Francis, N.H., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A Brief Analysis of Abraham Maslow’s Original Writing of Self-Actualizing People: A Study of Psychological Health. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1)

Butler, N., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). International and National Perspectives: A Critical
Examination of Polish Education and the Philosophical, Historical, Theoretical
Governmental and Educational Reform Initiatives in Changing Pedagogical Strategies
Impacting Classrooms in the Future. International Journal of Scholarly Academic
Intellectual Diversity, 9(1)

Joshua, M., Joshua, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Use of Student Achievement Scores as a Basis
For Assessing Teachers’ Instructional Effectiveness: Issues and Research Results.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3)

Johnson, C.J., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). The National Dilemma of African American Students:
Disparities in Mathematics Achievement and Instruction. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492116)

Salinas, R.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006) All Children Can Learn…To Speak English.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 23(2)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED491994)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006) National Strategies for Educational Leaders to
Implement Postmodern Thinking in Public Education in the United States of America.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 23(4)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492117)

Anthony, T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Education in a Test Taking Era. National FORUM of
Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(4)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492142)

Jacobs, K., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Strategies for Implementing Postmodern Thinking
for Improving Secondary Education in Public Education in the United States of America.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 23(4
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492157)

Smith, Y., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Insight: Toward a Clearer Understanding of
Preparing High School Students for Passing State Examinations for Graduation in the State
of Texas. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 16(3)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.492013)
White, P., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006).The Analysis of the Influence of the Consciousness of the
History of Various Cultures on Student Achievement. National FORUM of Teacher
Journal, 17(3)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED495300)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006) National Educational Dilemma:
What Does a Student Need to Know? Answer: Ways of Knowing Through the Realms
of Meaning. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492119)

Smith, Y., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Research Focus: Investigating the Differences in
Professional Development with Corporate Companies and Public Education in the United
States of America. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision
Journal, 24(4)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492014)

Idaka, I., Joshua, M., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Attitude of Academic Staff in Nigerian Tertiary
Educational Institutions to Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEI). International
Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 9(1)

Herrington, D., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A National Perspective for Improving Working
Relationships Between Educational Researchers and Institutional Review Board Members.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 19(3)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED49199)

White, P., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). The Analysis of the Influence of the Consciousness of the
History of Various Cultures on Student Achievement. National FORUM of Teacher
Education Journal, 17(3)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED49530

Hughes, T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Perspective: An Exploration of Professional
Learning Communities and the Impact on School Improvement Efforts. Doctoral
FORUM – National Journal for the Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student
Research, 1(1)
(ERIC Documentation Reproduction Service No.ED491997)

Petterway, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Focus: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of the
Impact of High Stakes Testing on English Language Learners in Major Urban High Schools
in Texas. DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for the Publishing and
Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1)
ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED491980)

Salinas, R., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Challenge: Teacher Quality and Student
Achievement in Public Schools. DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for
Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1)

Edgerson, D., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Analysis of the Influence of Principal-Teacher
Relationships on Student Academic Achievement: National Focus. DOCTORAL FORUM -
National Journal for the Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED491985)

Nickson, L., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Considerations: An Analysis of Factors That
Influence Special Educators to Remain in the Field of Education. DOCTORAL FORUM –
National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1)

Parson, G., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Vision: An Assessment of the Habits of African
American Males from Urban Households of Poverty Who Successfully Complete Secondary
Education Programs. DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and
Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED491986)

Adams, C, & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Impact: An Analysis of Secondary Schools’
Crisis Management Preparedness. DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for
Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED491991)

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: Publishing and Mentoring Doctorial Student Research.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 23(3).
Note: This issue featured PhD Students in Educational Leadership from Lamar University’s
College of Education and Human Development, Beaumont, Texas.

Kritsonis, W. (2006) FOREWORD: National Impact: Single Sex Education; Challenges for
Superintendents; Standardized Assessments; Inclusion; Issues and Challenges; Teacher
Retention. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal.
23(2) Note: This issue featured PhD Students in Educational Leadership from Prairie View
A&M University – Member of the Texas A&M University System.

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: A National Study and Analysis of Poverty and
African American Incarceration. National FORUM of Educational Administration and
Supervision Journal, 23(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: Applying Educational Research at the National Level.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 19(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: Leadership in Educational Research: Addressing the
Critical Needs. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 19(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: National Issues Impacting Teacher Education.
National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 16(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: Development of Relationships to Improve Teacher
Retention. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 16(1)
Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD. International Journal of Scholarly Academic
Intellectual Diversity, 9(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2006). On-line Scholarly Electronic Journal Division, National FORUM
Journals - Available daily: www.nationalforum.com
____________________________________________________________________________
Mentored Research – 2006

Dr. Kritsonis
Mentoring and Teaching Doctoral Students and Colleagues to Write for Professional Publication - Refereed Articles Published

Edgerson, D., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). The Critical Role of the
Teacher-Principal Relationship in the Improvement of Student Achievement in Public
Schools of the United States. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student
Research, 3 (Spring)

Petterway, A., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). The Impact of High Stakes
Testing on the Academic Achievement of English Language Learners in Texas Public
Education: National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of
Student Research, 3(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED491981)

Hughes, T., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). The Importance of Learning
Community Ideology in the Transformation of Public Schools in the United States.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring)

Salinas, R., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). Teacher Quality as a Predictor
of Student Achievement in Urban Schools: A National Focus. The Lamar
University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED491993)

Nickson, L., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). Retaining Special Education
Teachers in Public Education in the United States: A National Crisis. The Lamar
University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring)

Parsons, G., Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). Successful African American Males
in Post-Secondary Education: An Examination of Personal Strategies, Attitudes,
and Behaviors. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
3(Spring)

Adams, C., Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). Second School Crisis Management
Preparedness in American Public Schools. The Lamar University Electronic
Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring)
Anderson, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A National Perspective: An Exploration of the Influence
of Principals on School Culture. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student
Research, 3(Spring)

Hughes, T., Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). A National Perspective for Cultivating
Working Relations Between Educational Researchers and Institutional Review Board
Members. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED491999)

Jacobs, K., Kritsonis, W. (2006) National Agenda: Ten Suggestions to Incorporate the Realms of
Meaning as a Decision Making Process to Improve Student Achievement in the United States.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492179)

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Immigration and Student Success Communication:
Journey as a Learning Organization. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student
Research, 3(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492118)

Ellison, E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Considerations: How to Implement the Realms of
Meaning as a Decision Making Process to Improve Student Achievement: Ten
Recommendations. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
3(Spring)

Love, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Impact: Change Agents Understand Directional
Changes. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring)

Ellison, E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Imperatives: Restructuring the Configuration of
Tutoring Programs and Transforming Tutoring Groups into Achievement Groups.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring)

Branch, R., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Insight: Pragmatism: Proof is in the Results.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED499770)

Smith, Y., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Insight: Yolanda E. Smith’s Philosophy of
Education. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring)

Anthony, T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Outlook: An Epistemological Approach to
Educational Philosophy. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
3(Spring)
(ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.ED492240)


Nickerson, G. & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Viewpoint: The Development of a Complete
Person Using a “Realms of Meaning” Styled Curriculum. The Lamar University
Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring)

Renfro, J. & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Vision: The Educational Philosophy of
Jacqueline McNeir Refro. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research,
3(Spring)

2005

Marshall, R., & Kritsonis, W. (2005). School Finance Equity and Adequacy. In Fenwick
W. English (Eds.) Sage Encyclopedia of Educational Leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Marshall, R., & Kritsonis, W. (2005). Rural and Small Schools. In Fenwick W. English
(Eds.) Sage Encyclopedia of Educational Leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Kritsonis, W., (2005). Schwarzenegger Needs Schooling in Precedents.
EDUCATION WEEK, Vol. 25, No. 13, November 20, 2005, Page 39

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: Teaching Latino Students: Effective Strategies for
Educating America’s Minorities: Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press

Kritsonis, W. (2005). William J. Slotnik’s Commentary “Mission Possible: Tying Earning
To Learning” EDUCATION WEEK, Volume 25, Issue 08, October 19, 2005, Page 35

Butler, L., Pachocinski, R., Davidson, B., Kritsonis, W., Van Patten, J., Borman, K.,
Johanningmeirer, E., Orlosfsky, M., & Marshall, R. (2006). Polish Post-Secondary
Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges: International Perspectives.
International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity 8(1)
(ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services No ED492983)

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: Developing Educational Leadership on a National Level.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 22(3)

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: Developing Educational Leadership on a National Level.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 22(2)
Note: This issue featured PhD Students in Educational Leadership from Prairie View A&M
University – Member of the Texas A&M University System.

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: Development of Educational Leadership Nationally.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 22(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: Educational Administration: A National Perspective.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 18(2)
Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: How Technology Impacts Education Nationally.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 18(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: National Insights: Educational Aspects and the
Quest for Highly Qualified Teachers. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal,
15(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: National Insights: Educational Aspects for Youth Today.
National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 15(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD. International Journal of Scholarly Academic
Intellectual Diversity, 8(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2005). On-Line Scholarly Electronic Journal Division, National FORUM
Journals – Available daily: www.nationalforum.com

2004

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: National Initiatives Directed to Redesigning Educational
Leadership Programs Impacts School Leaders. National FORUM of Educational
Administration and Supervision Journal, 21(3)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). Basic Procedures in Educational Research and Design for Field Settings.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 21(3)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: National Education: Implications in our Learning
Environment. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 21(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: Continuing Education: A Necessity at the National Level.
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 21(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: National Impact of Education Versus Technology.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 17(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: Impacts of Education on the National Scale.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 17(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: Special Tribute to Dr. Ben Wilson, Jr.
Dithyrambic Musings of Benson O’Lottie. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 14(2)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: National Issues: Student Performance; Instructional
Practices; Teaching Methods; Art Education; Bilingual Flexibility. National FORUM of
Teacher Education Journal, 14(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD. International Journal of Scholarly Academic
Intellectual Diversity Journal, 7(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: Multicultural Issues and Trends. National FORUM of
Multicultural Issues Journal, 2(1)

Kritsonis, W. (2004). On-Line Scholarly Electronic Journal Division, National FORUM
Journals – Available daily: www.nationalforum.com

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:41:17 AM

William Allan Kritsonis, PhD

PhD, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, 1976
M.Ed. Seattle Pacific University, Seattle, Washington, 1971
B.A. Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington, 1969
Visiting Scholar, Columbia University, Teachers College, New York, 1981
Visiting Scholar, Stanford University, School of Education, Palo Alto, California, 1987
Doctor of Humane Letters, School of Graduate Studies, Southern Christian University, 2008

Hall of Honor (2008)
William H. Parker Leadership Academy, Graduate School
Prairie View A&M University - The Texas A&M University System


Invited Visiting Lecturer (2005)
Oxford Round Table
Oriel College
University of Oxford
Oxford, England – United Kingdom


Distinguished Alumnus (2004)
Central Washington University
College of Education and Professional Studies
Ellensburg, Washington


Founder & Editor-in-Chief
NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS
Founded 1983

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:42:07 AM

Dr. William Allan Kritsonis' List of National Leaders in Education - January 4, 2009.

Dr. Charles M. Achilles, Professor, Seton Hall University, 53 Snug Harbor, Geneva, NY. 315-789-2399; 315-789-9332; 973-313-6334; plato9936@yahoo.com plato936@rochester.rr.com

Dr. Vincent a. Anfara, Jr., Professor, The University of Tennessee at Knoxville, Educational Administration and Policy, A321 Clayton Complex, Knoxville, TN 37996-3430; 865-974-4985; 504-957-4109; vanfara@utk.edu

Dr. Charles T. Araki, Professor Emeritus, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 3017 Kaloaluiki Street, Honolulu, HI 96822; 808-956-7704

Dr. Joe Blackbourn, Associate Professor, The University of Mississippi, School of Education, Curriculum and Instruction, University, MS 38677; 662-234-3092; 662-832-0731; 662-232-7588; jmb@olemiss.edu

Dr. Richard Blackbourn, Dean, College of Education, Mississippi State University, Box 9710, Mississippi State, MS 39762; 662-325-3717; 662-325-8784 Fax; rlb277@misstate.edu

Dr. Kathleen M. Brown, Head, Department of Educational Leadership, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 103B Peabody Hall, CB#3500, School of Education, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3500; 919-843-8166; 919-843-4572 Fax; BrownK@mail.unc.edu

Dr. Gerald Calais, Professor, McNeese State University, Department of Teacher Education, Burton College of Education, Lake Charles, LA 70609; 337-475-5419; gcalais@mail.mcneese.edu

Dr. Patti L. Chance, Professor, Department of Educational Administration and Higher Education, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Box 453002, Las Vegas, NV 89154-3002; 702-895-3491; 702-228-3791

Dr. Robert B. Cooter, Jr., Professor, Department of Instruction and Curriculum Leadership, College of Education, 400b Ball Hall, The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152-3570; 901-678-5938; 901-678-3881 Fax; rcooter@memphis,edu

Dr. John Cotsakos, Associate Professor, California State University at Sacramento, Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, College of Education, 6000 J. Street, Sacramento, CA 95819-6079; 916-933-7134; 916-275-5887; 916-933-7681 Fax; cbe@sbcglobal.net

Dr. Barry S. Davidson, Troy University, Department of Psychology, Counseling and Foundations of Education, 10 McCartha Hall, Troy, AL 36082; 561-762-8134;
334-670-5682; bdaviso@troy.edu

Dr. Donald F. DeMoulin, Professor, Doctoral Program, Argosy University – Atlanta, 980 Hammond Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30328; 713-697-8776;
Demoulin5853@yahoo.com

Dr. Ben C. DeSpain, Professor, Doctoral Program, Department of Educational Leadership, Western Illinois University, 1 University Circle, Horrabin Hall 81, Macomb, ILL; Cell: 270-339-8552; bcdespain@yahoo.com

Dr. Feng S. Din, Professor, Department of Education, University of Virginia’s College of Wise,1 College Avenue, Wise, VA 24293; 540-328-4412 fsd2e@uvawise.edu

Dr. Rita Dunn, Professor and Director, Learning Styles Network, St. John’s University, Division of Instructional Leadership, Utopia Parkways, Jamaica, NY 11439;
803-642-4390

Dr. Fenwick W. English, R. Wendell Eaves Distinguished Professor of Educational Leadership, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Educational Leadership, Peabody Hall – CB #3500, School of Education, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3500; Cell: 919-451-1493; 919-843-4572; fenglish@mail.edu
fenglish@attglobal.net

Mr. Joe Feucht, Purchasing Supervisor, Calcasieu Parish School Board, 1724 Kirkman Street, Lake Charles, LA 70602-0800; 337-794-4155

Pam T. Barber-Freeman, Head, Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling, Prairie View A&M University/The Texas A&M University System, Delco 212, The Whitlowe R. Green College of Education, Prairie View, TX 77446; Office: 281-856-7072; Cell: 713-582-8066

Janetta C. Gilliam, Assistant Director of Student Employment, Prairie View A&M University/The Texas A&M University System, Prairie View, TX 77446; Cell: 713-5450-0011; jcgilliam@pvamu.edu

Dr. Jeanne Gerlach, Associate Vice President for K-16 Initiatives & Dean of the College of Education, University of Texas at Arlington, Box 19227, 701 S. College Street, Arlington, TX 76019; 817-272-5476; 817-272-7453 Fax; gerlach@uta.edu

Dr. Clement Glenn, Associate Professor and Vice President for Student Services, Prairie View A&M University, Box 519, Prairie View, TX 77446; 936-825-6300; ceglenn@pvamu.edu

Dr. Kimberly Grantham Griffith, Associate Professor and Editor, The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, Lamar University, Department of Professional Pedagogy, College of Education and Human Development, PO Box 10034, Beaumont, TX 77710; 409-893-5590; 409-832-6769; 409-880-8684; babybirdcardinal@aol.com griffithkg@hal.lamar.edu

Dr. Richard Hartnett, Chair, Educational Leadership Studies, West Virginia University, College of Education, 608 Allen Hall, Morgantown, WV 26506; 304-293-3707 Richard.Hartnett@mail.edu

Dr. David E. Herrington, Associate Professor and Director of the Principal’s Center,
Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling, Prairie View A&M University/Member of the Texas A&M University System, Box 519, Prairie View, TX 77446; 979-293-0613; davidherrington111@hotmail.com

Dr. Teresa Ann Hughes, Results in Education, 19307 Solon Springs Court, Tomball, TX 77375; 281-290-6518; 281-433-0198; tannh3@hotmail.com
(First graduate in PhD Program in Educational Leadership at Prairie View A&M University/Member of the Texas A&M University System, Fall 2006)

Dr. Ronald Howard, Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling, Prairie View A&M University, Whitlowe R. Green College of Education, Box 519, Prairie View, TX 77446 or PO Box 8886, The Woodlands, TX 77387 Cell: 832-524-2752
rhoward55@comcast.net

Dr. G. Peter Ienatsch, Dean Emeritus, College of Education, University of Texas of the Permian Basin, 100 West Rainbow Drive, Ruidoso, NM 88345

Clarence Johnson, Director of Safe and Secure Schools, Aldine ISD, 18635 Hiddenbay Way, Spring, TX 77379; Cell: 713-419-2683; cjohson410@sbcglobal.net

Dr. Dan L. King, Vice President of Academic Affairs, Rhode Island College, 600 Mt. Pleasant Avenue, Providence, RI 62908; 401-456-8003; dking@ric.edu

Dr. Lloyd Kinnison, Professor, Texas Woman’s University, College of Education, Denton, TX 76204-5769; 940-381-0520; 940-898-2270; lkinnison@twu.edu

Dr. Lloyd Korhonen, Director, Center for Distance Learning Research, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-1588; 409-862-7125; 409-862-7127

Dr. James D. Laub, Assistant Superintendent for Curriculum and Instruction, Poteet Independent School District, P.O. Box 138, Poteet, TX 78065; 432-254-8705 Cell; 432-686-0003 Work; jlaub@macharter.org jameslaubphd@peoplepc.com

Dr. Angus MacNeil, Professor, University of Houston, 15421 Stonehill Drive, Houston, TX 77062; 281-286-6731; 713-743-5038; amacneil@uh.edu

Dr. Robert L. Marshall, Professor, Doctoral Program, Department of Educational Leadership, Western Illinois University, 1 University Circle, Horrabin Hall 81, Macomb, IL 61455; Dr. Marshall is Senior National Editor for National FORUM Journals, rlmarshall@wiu.edu

Dr. M. Paul Mehta, Professor and Dean (Former Dean), Prairie View A&M University/Member of the Texas A&M University System, The Whitlowe R. Green College of Education, Box 519, Prairie View, TX 77446; Cell: 281-770-7659; Home: 281-855-8633; mpmehta@pvamu.edu

Dr. Allen A. Mori, Provost, California State University, Dominguez Hills, 1000 E. Victoria Street, Carson, CA 90747; 310-243-3307; amori@csudh.edu acadaffairs@csudh.edu

Dr. Lautrice Nickson, Assistant Principal, Conroe Independent School District, 2422 Coachlight, Conroe, TX 77384; 936-321-7089; 936-521-5061 mrsnickson@hotmail.com

Dr. William J. O’Neill, Professor Emeritus, Iowa Wesleyan College, 802 East Pine Place, Mt. Pleasant, IA 52641; 319-986-2190; oneillmp@mchsi.com

Dr. Rosemary Papa, Del & Jewel Lewis Endowed Chair for Learner Centered Leadership, Northern Arizona University, College of Education, PO Box 5774, Flagstaff, AZ 86011-5774; 916-832-1336; 928-523-8741; Rosemary.Papa@nau.edu

Dr. Arthur L. Petterway, Assistant Principal, Houston Independent School District. Home Address: 5300 N. Braeswood, Houston, TX 77096; 832-693-2809; 713-748-8303; 713-498-8667

Dr. Thomas A. Rakes, Chancellor, The University of Tennessee at Martin, Administration Building, Office of the Chancellor, Martin, TN 38238; 881-587-7010; 731-587-9010; rakes@utm.edu

Dr. Bill Reaves, CREATE, 3232 College Park Drive, Suite 303, The Woodlands, TX 77384; www.createtx.com 281-893-6918; 936-273-7661; wreaves@uamu.edu
Dr. Louis Reed, (Former Superintendent Port Arthur I.S.D., Port Arthur, TX)
3031 13th Street, Port Arthur, TX 77642; 409-718-0812

Dr. Roselia A. Salinas, Talent Recruitment Strategist, 1706 Southland Drive, Weslaco, TX 78596; 713-572-7928; rosesalinas1@hotmail.com

Dr. Yolanda E. Smith, Senior Robotics Instructor, United Space Alliance, NASA, 4026 Almond Lake Drive, Houston, TX 77047; Cell: 713-703-0429; yesmith@comcast.net

Rhodena Townsell, Principal, Madisonville Elementary, Madisonville Consolidated Independent School District, PO Box 879, Madisonville, TX 77864; 903-536-3414; 936-348-1877; townsell@windstream.net rbrooksmadisonvillecisd.org

Dr. Thomas Valesky, Professor, Florida Gulf Coast University, 19501 Treeline Avenue South, Fort Myers, FL 33965-6565; 941-590-7793; 941-432-5559; 941-948-0334 Fax

Dr. James Van Patten, Professor Emeritus, University of Arkansas at Fayetteville, 434 Hawthorne Street, Fayeteville, AR 72701; 516-278-6572

Monica G. Williams, Director of Development, Rice University, Office of Development, MS81, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251-1892; Cell 832-498-8733; Direct 717-348-4332; Fax 713-348-5166; Mobile: 832-498-8733 monica.williams@rice.edu

Dr. Ben Wilson, Jr., Professor Emeritus, Sul Ross State University/Rio Grande College, HC 34 Box 1016, Uvalde, TX 78801; 830-278-7445 nanw@hilconet.com

Dr. James A. Wood, Professor, Sul Ross State University/Rio Grande College, 400 Sul Ross Drive, Uvalde, TX 78801; 830-279-3033; jawood@sulross.edu

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:45:36 AM

Dr. Mary Alice Kritsonis
Online Editor - National FORUM Journals
January 4, 2009

EDITORIAL RESPONSIBILITIES

Since 2004-Present

National Research Manuscript and Preparation Editor, National FORUM Journals.
www.nationalforum.com


Since 1998-Present

Online Editor, Electronic Journal Division, National FORUM Journals
International Journal of Management, Business, and Administration
International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity
National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal
National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal
National FORUM of Special Education Journal
National Forum of Multicultural Issues Journal
National Journal: FOCUS on Colleges, Universities, and Schools
Doctoral FORUM - National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral
Student Research


Since 1993-Present

Managing Editor, National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal


Since 1990-Present

Proof Editor, National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal


Since 1989-Present

Executive Editor, National FORUM of Special Education Journal


Since 1986-Present

Proof Editor, Editorial Associate, & National Research Editor, National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal


NATIONAL RESEARCH MANUCSRIPT AND PREPARATION EDITOR
NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS

Partial Listing of Editorial Duties for Preparing Manuscripts for National Publication


2007

Buck, J., & arterbury, E. (2007). Professional Growth: Elements and Characteristics Valued by Experienced Principals. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4).

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). National School Debate: Banning Cell Phones on Public School Campuses in America. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4).

Jacobs, K.D. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). National Strategies for Educational Leaders to Implement Postmodern Thinking in Public Education in the United States of America. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4).

Hendrix, K., Fulton, C.R., Sullivan, K., Webster, A.H., & Sullivan, James (2007). Home School Education in Mississippi as Perceived by District Superintendents. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4).

Dalton, M.H. (2007). Internship and Portfolio for Superintendent Preparation. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4).

Wilson-Jones, L. & Dixon, C.A. (2007). Mississippi Elementary School Counselors’ Perceptions of Character Education Programs. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4).

Glenn, C. (2007). Glenn’s Holistic Thinking Pyramid : A Five (5) Tier Process of Integration. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4).

Roos, L (2007). National Impact: The Effects of Career Development on Employment Among Juvenile Offenders. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4).

Johnson, C. (2007). National Strategies for Educational Leaders to Implement Postmodern Thinking in Public Education in the United States of America. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 25(4).

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). The Influence of Parenting Style on Psychosocial Adjustment. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(2).

Dunn, K.E. (2007). Teacher Beliefs: An Exploration of the Relationship of Teacher Efficacy and Years Teaching to Teachers’ Learner-Centered Beliefs. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Calis, G.J. (2007). Linking Chaos Theory Analogically to Eye Movements During Reading. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Townsell, R. (2007). Human Resource Management in Small Rural Districts: The Administrator’s Role in Recruitment, Hiring, and Staff Development. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Franz, D.P., & Hopper, P.F. (2007). National Impact: Creating Leaders Through the Use of Problem-Based Learning. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Brown, D. & Skinner, D.A. (2007). Brown-Skinner Model for Building Trust with At-Risk Students. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Mahar, P. & Chalmers, L. (2007). Teachers’ Perceptions of Students Diagnosed with ADHD. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Myers, S.D. & Anderson, C.W. (2007). Engaging Secondary Post Baccalaureate Teacher Candidates in Dialogues About Diversity: Creating a Cultural Self Portrait. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Walker, C.P. (2007). A Comparison of the Perceptions of the Abuse of Older Adults Among You and Middle-Aged Adults: Implications to Counseling. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Riney, M., Thomas,C., Williams, G., & Kelley, B. (2007). The No Child Left Behind Legislation and “Highly Qualified” teachers: An Important But Only Partial Solution for Education Reform. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Calais, G.J. (2007). Haskell’s taxonomies of Transfer of Learning: Implications for Classroom Instruction. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

MCCoy, M. (2007). Research and Scholarly Activity: Faculty Attitudes and Awareness. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Davidson, B.S. (2007). Commencement Applause. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Calais, G.J. (2007). Bridging the Gap Between Literacy Research and Instructional Practice via Formative Experiments. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Wilson, M.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Melody Ann Wilson’s Theoretical Framework Model on the Effectiveness of Pre-Kindergarten Montessori Programs on Preparedness of Children for Kindergarten. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Din, F.S., & Wheatley, F.W. (2007). A Literature Review of the Student-Centered Teaching Approach: National Implications. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Franz, D.P., & Hopper, P.F. (2007). Is There Room in Math Reform for Preservice Teachers to Use Reading Strategies? National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Glenn, C. (2007). The Diversity Dilemma in Texas and the Nation: Creating a Holistic Educational Model to Make “No Child Left Behind” a Reality in America. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Watkins, P. & Bratberg, W. (2007). Teacher Work Sample Methodology: Assessment and Design Compatibility with Fine Arts Instruction. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Herrington, D.E. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Serendipitous Findings of A School-University Collaboration: A Case Study with National Implications for Supporting Novice Teachers. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Calais, G.J. (2007). Incorporating Haskell’s Theoretical Framework for Achieving General Transfer in the Content Areas. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Riney, M.R., Thomas, C., Williams, G., & Kelley, B. (2007). National Implications: Teacher Education Students’ Perceptions of State Licensure Requirements and Pedagogical Training. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Henderson, F.T., Rouce, S.D., Wawrykow, G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). National Impact: Eugenics and Its Societal Implications. National FORUM of Multicultural Issues Journal, 4(2).

Jemi-Alade, Jr., T. (2007). National Impact: Does Media Contribute to the Attitudes Toward Violence. National FORUM of Multicultural Issues Journal, 4(2).

Gardiner, C.L. (2007). Examining the Influence of Racial Identity, Ethnicity, Ethnic Identity, Cultural Mistrust, and Self-Esteem of Students of African Descent and Their Preference for Counselors’ Ethnicity. National FORUM of Multicultural Issues Journal, 4(2).

Townsell, R. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Who in the World is Ayn Rand? Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1).

Watkins, D. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand: A Comparative and Epistemological Philosophical Perspective Based on the Theoretical Framework of the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning by William Allan Kritsonis, PhD. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1).

Anthony, T.D. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). A Mixed Methods Assessment of the Effectiveness of Strategic EMentoring in Improving the Self-Efficacy and Persistence (or retention) of Alternatively Certified Novice Teachers within an Inner City School District. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1).

Patton, M.C. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Great Minds Think Differently: Sustaining a System of Thinking. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1).

Skinner, D.A. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). When to be Selfish: Objectivism at its Best. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1).

Savoy, E. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). National Implications: Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning as an Ethical Decision-Making Process to Improve Academic Achievement-Ten Recommendations. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1).

Watkins, D. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Developing a Curriculum for At-Risk and Low Performing High School Students: Teaching Shakespeare to At-Risk Students Utilizing Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. Doctoral FORUM-National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 4(1).

Osterhom, K.O., Horn, D.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). College Professors as Potential Victims of Stalking: Awareness and Prevention. National Journal: FOCUS On Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 1(1).

Osterhom, K.O., Nash, W.R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Effects of Labeling Students “Learning Disabled”: Emergent Themes in the Research Literature 1970 Through 2000. National Journal: FOCUS On Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 1(1).

Williams, M.G. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). National Implications: Why HBCU Presidents Need Entrepreneurial Focus. National Journal: FOCUS On Colleges, Universities, and Schools, 1(1).

Hughes, T.A. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). A Historical Perspective of National Educational Reform Efforts. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Hughes, T.A. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Professional Learning Communities and the Postive Effects on Student Achievement: A National Agenda for School Improvement. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Laub, J.D. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). A National Perspective: Transforming Leadership in America’s Rural Public Schools. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Anthony, T.D., Kritsonis, W.A., & Herrington, D. (2007). An Analysis of Human Resource Management: Involving Administrative Leadership as a Means to Practical Applications: National Focus. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).


Branch, R.M. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). National Impact: Strategies for Successfully Implementing Postmodern Theory and Practice in Educational Leadership for Improving Schooling in the United States of America. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Johnson, C. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). National Implications for Urban School Systems: Strategic Planning in the Human Resource Management Department in a Large Urban School District. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Brown, D.R. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Brown’s Model of Ethics: National Impact. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Butcher, J.T. & Kritsonis,W.A. (2007). Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning for the Improvement of Ethical Conduct: Ten National Recommendations. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Williams, M.G. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Integrating the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning to Improve National Fundraising Objectives. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Williams, M.G., Herrington, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Oral History: A Viable Methodology for 21st Century Educational Administration Research: National Impact. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Perkins, T. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). Ten Penetrating Ideas Presented in Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged (1957). The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Hart, K.E. & Kritsonis, W.A. (2007). The Stigma of Mental Illness: Exploring the Nature and Resolution of Stereotypical Conceptions. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Webb, P., Kritsonis, W.A., & Griffith, K.G. (2007). Spare the Rod, Destroy the Child: Examining the Speculative Association of Corporal Punishment and Deviant Behavior among Youth: National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 4(Spring).

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(3).

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(2).

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(2).

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. National FORUM Teacher Education Journal, 17(1 & 2).

Kritsonis, W. (2007). FOREWORD. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 10(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2007). On-Line Scholarly Electric Journal Division, National FORUM Journals. Available daily: www.nationalforum.com


2006

Jacobs, K.D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). How to Implement the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning in Human Resource Management: Ten Recommendations for Selecting Campus Administrators. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Webb, P., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Zero-Tolerance Policies and Youth: Protection or Profiing? Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Implications: Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning in Human Resource Management and Development. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Critical Analysis of an Original Writing on Social Learning Theory: Imitation of Film-Mediated Aggressive Models. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Savoy, E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Implications: Implementing the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning as an Ethical Decision-Making Process to Improve Academic Achievement-Ten Recommendations. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Collins, C.J., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Viewpoint: The Importance of Hiring a Diverse Faculty. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Watkins, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Developing a Curriculum for At-Risk and Low Performing High School Students: Teaching Shakespeare to At-Risk Students Through Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Osterholm, K., Horn, D.E., & Johnson, W.M. (2006). Finders Keepers: Recruiting and Retaining Teachers in Rural Schools. National FORUM Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Skinner, D., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). How to Implement the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms Of Meaning as an Ethical Decision-Making Process to Improve Academic Achievement-Ten Recommendations. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Hartnett, R.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). The Three Cultures and the Demise of the Multiversity. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(4).

Webb, P., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Controlling Those Kids: Social Control and the Use of Pretrial Detention Among Youth in the United States of America: National Implications. Doctoral FORUM-Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). The Impact of Poland’s 1990 Bill on Schools of Higher Education. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 9(1).

Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Similarities and Differences: Post-Secondary (Grammar) Vocational Schools in Poland and Canadian Community Colleges. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 9(1).

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Relapse Prevention for Alcoholism. Doctoral
FORUM- Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Hart, K.E., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). From Multiple Personality Disorder to Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Clinical Overview of Diagnosis and Treatment Considerations. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Patton, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). The Law of Increasing Returns: A Process for Retaining Teachers- National Recommendations. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Williams, M.G., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Raising More Money at the Nation’s Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Belshaw,S.H., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Implications in Education and Juvenile Justice: Bridging the Gap Between Court Order Juvenile Mentoring Programs and Secondary Educators. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Skinner, D.A., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Educational Leaders as Stewards: Selecting a National Curriculum Guided by the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Cloud, M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Agenda: A Holistic Approach for the Development of a Campus Improvement Plan using Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning as the Framework. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Townsell, R., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). National Insight: A Look at Synnoetics in One African American Female’s Journey to the Principalship. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Demaris, M.C., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). A Philosophical Approach to Minority Student Persistence on a Historically Black College and University Campus. Doctoral FORUM- National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Joshua, M.T., Joshua, A.M., & Kritsonis, W.A. (2006). Use of Student Achievement Scores as a Basis for Assessing Teachers’ Instructional Effectiveness: Issues and Research Results. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Anthony, T.D., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Implications: An Analysis of E- Mentoring Induction Year Programs for Novice Alternatively Certified Teachers.
Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Butler, N.L., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Brief Summary of Doctoral Dissertation: Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges. International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 9(1).

Anthony, T.D., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Bilingualism and How it Impacts the African American Child. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Cheng-Chieh L., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). The Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer Technology in Second Language Acquisition. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Cloud, M., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Crisis: Recognizing the Culture of Eating Disorders in School Settings. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Ellison, E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Free Tutoring Programs to Augument Student Success. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Ellison, E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Making Educational Methods More Lucrative: A Postmodernist’s Perspective. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Gassama, S., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Dropout Prevention Among Urban Minority Students: Program Evaluation and Practical Implications. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Jacobs, K., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). An Assessment of Secondary Principal’s Leadership and Skills in Retaining and Renewing Science Educators in Urban Schools. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Jacobs, K., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Partially Decentralizing Administrative Practices in Secondary Schools to Develop Collective Staff Efficacy and Improve Student Achievement. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Dilemma: African American Students Underrepresented in Advanced Mathematics Courses. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). The Achievement Gap in Mathematics: A Significant Problem for African American Students. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Norfleet, S., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A Postmodern Idea for Improving Schools. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Norfleet, S., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). School Factors that Influence Closing the Academic Achievement Gap for African American Students. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Smith, Y.E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Recommendations for Implementing Symbolics: Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Smith, Y.E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). The Differences in Professional Development with Corporate Companies and Public Education. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Love, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Well Rounded Student Professional Development. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Nickerson, G.T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). An Analysis of the Factors that Impact Academic Achievement Among Asian American, African American, and Hispanic Students. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Anderson, A.C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Implications: Factors of Gender Biases Impacting Urban Public Students. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Anderson, A.C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A National Exploration of Diversity and Culture in Schools and Corporations. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Wilson, M., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A Primitive Revelation to Reading. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Gilliam, J.C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Impact: The Effects of Mentorship on the Level of Retention for African American Freshman Students Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Gilliam, J.C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Implications: The Hidden Nature of Doctoral Student Attrition. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Branch, R.M., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Agenda: Minority Teacher Recruitment, Development, and Retention. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1).

Nickerson, G.T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A Global Perspective: A Comparative of Asian and American Educational Systems that Impact Student Academic Achievement. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).
Francis, N.H., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A Brief Analysis of Abraham Maslow’s Original Writing of Self-Actualizing People: A Study of Psychological Health. Doctoral FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 3(1).

Butler, N., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). International and National Perspectives: A Critical
Examination of Polish Education and the Philosophical, Historical, Theoretical
Governmental and Educational Reform Initiatives in Changing Pedagogical Strategies
Impacting Classrooms in the Future. International Journal of Scholarly Academic
Intellectual Diversity, 9(1).

Joshua, M., Joshua, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Use of Student Achievement Scores as a Basis for Assessing Teachers’ Instructional Effectiveness: Issues and Research Results. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 20(3).

Anthony, T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Education in a Test Taking Era. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(4).

Jacobs, K., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Strategies for Implementing Postmodern Thinking for Improving Secondary Education in Public Education in the United States of America. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 23(4).

Smith, Y., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Insight: Toward a Clearer Understanding of
Preparing High School Students for Passing State Examinations for Graduation in the State of Texas. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). National Educational Dilemma:
What Does a Student Need to Know? Answer: Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Smith, Y., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Research Focus: Investigating the Differences in Professional Development with Corporate Companies and Public Education in the United States of America. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 24(4).

Idaka, I., Joshua, M., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Attitude of Academic Staff in Nigerian Tertiary Educational Institutions to Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEI).
International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 9(1).

Herrington, D., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A National Perspective for Improving Working
Relationships Between Educational Researchers and Institutional Review Board Members. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 19(3).

White, P., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). The Analysis of the Influence of the Consciousness of the History of Various Cultures on Student Achievement. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 17(3).

Hughes, T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Perspective: An Exploration of Professional Learning Communities and the Impact on School Improvement Efforts.
DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for the Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1).

Petterway, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Focus: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of the Impact of High Stakes Testing on English Language Learners in Major Urban High Schools in Texas. DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for the Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1).

Salinas, R., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Challenge: Teacher Quality and Student
Achievement in Public Schools. DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for
Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1).

Edgerson, D., & Kritsonis, W. (2006) Analysis of the Influence of Principal-Teacher
Relationships on Student Academic Achievement: National Focus. DOCTORAL FORUM - National Journal for the Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1).

Nickson, L., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Considerations: An Analysis of Factors that Influence Special Educators to Remain in the Field of Education. DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1).

Parson, G., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Vision: An Assessment of the Habits of African American Males from Urban Households of Poverty Who Successfully Complete Secondary Education Programs. DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1).

Adams, C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Impact: An Analysis of Secondary Schools’ Crisis Management Preparedness. DOCTORAL FORUM – National Journal for Publishing and Mentoring Doctoral Student Research, 1(1).

Edgerson, D., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). The Critical Role of the
Teacher-Principal Relationship in the Improvement of Student Achievement in Public
Schools of the United States. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student
Research, 3(Spring).

Petterway, A., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). The Impact of High Stakes
Testing on the Academic Achievement of English Language Learners in Texas Public
Education: National Implications. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of
Student Research, 3(Spring).
Hughes, T., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). The Importance of Learning
Community Ideology in the Transformation of Public Schools in the United States.
The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Salinas, R., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). Teacher Quality as a Predictor
of Student Achievement in Urban Schools: A National Focus. The Lamar
University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Nickson, L., & Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). Retaining Special Education
Teachers in Public Education in the United States: A National Crisis. The Lamar
University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Parsons, G., Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). Successful African American Males in Post-Secondary Education: An Examination of Personal Strategies, Attitudes, and Behaviors. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Adams, C., Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). Second School Crisis Management
Preparedness in American Public Schools. The Lamar University Electronic
Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Anderson, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). A National Perspective: An Exploration of the Influence of Principals on School Culture. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Hughes, T., Kritsonis, W., & Herrington, D. (2006). A National Perspective for Cultivating Working Relations Between Educational Researchers and Institutional Review Board Members. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Johnson, C., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). Immigration and Student Success Communication:
Journey as a Learning Organization. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Ellison, E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Considerations: How to Implement the Realms of Meaning as a Decision Making Process to Improve Student Achievement: Ten Recommendations. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Love, A., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Impact: Change Agents Understand Directional Changes. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Ellison, E., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Imperatives: Restructuring the Configuration of Tutoring Programs and Transforming Tutoring Groups into Achievement Groups. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Branch, R., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Insight: Pragmatism: Proof is in the Results. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Smith, Y., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Insight: Yolanda E. Smith’s Philosophy of
Education. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Anthony, T., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Outlook: An Epistemological Approach to Educational Philosophy. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Nickerson, G., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Viewpoint: The Development of a Complete Person Using a “Realms of Meaning” Styled Curriculum. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Renfro, J., & Kritsonis, W. (2006). National Vision: The Educational Philosophy of
Jacqueline McNeir Refro. The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, 3(Spring).

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: Publishing and Mentoring Doctorial Student Research. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 23(3).
Note: This issue featured PhD Students in Educational Leadership from Lamar University’s College of Education and Human Development, Beaumont, Texas.

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: National Impact: Single Sex Education; Challenges for Superintendents; Standardized Assessments; Inclusion; Issues and Challenges; Teacher Retention. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 23(2). Note: This issue featured PhD Students in Educational Leadership from Prairie View
A&M University – Member of the Texas A&M University System.

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: A National Study and Analysis of Poverty and
African American Incarceration. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 23(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: Applying Educational Research at the National Level. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 19(2).

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: Leadership in Educational Research: Addressing the Critical Needs. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 19(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: National Issues Impacting Teacher Education.
National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 16(2).

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD: Development of Relationships to Improve Teacher
Retention. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 16(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2006). FOREWORD International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 9(1).


2005

Butler, L., Pachocinski, R., Davidson, B., Kritsonis, W., Van Patten, J., Borman, K.,
Johanningmeirer, E., Orlosfsky, M., & Marshall, R. (2006). Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges: International Perspectives.
International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 8(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: Developing Educational Leadership on a National Level. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 22(3).

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: Developing Educational Leadership on a National Level. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 22(2).
Note: This issue featured PhD Students in Educational Leadership from Prairie View A&M University – Member of the Texas A&M University System.

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: Development of Educational Leadership Nationally. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 22(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: Educational Administration: A National Perspective. National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 18(2).

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: How Technology Impacts Education Nationally.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 18(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: National Insights: Educational Aspects and the
Quest for Highly Qualified Teachers. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, (15)2.

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD: National Insights: Educational Aspects for Youth Today. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, (15)1.

Kritsonis, W. (2005). FOREWORD International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity, 8(1).


2004

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: National Initiatives Directed to Redesigning Educational Leadership Programs Impacts School Leaders. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 21(3).

Kritsonis, W. (2004). Basic Procedures in Educational Research and Design for Field Settings. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 21(3).

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: National Education: Implications in our Learning
Environment. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 21(2).

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: Continuing Education: A Necessity at the National Level. National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 21(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: National Impact of Education Versus Technology.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 17(2).

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: Impacts of Education on the National Scale.
National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal, 17(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: Special Tribute to Dr. Ben Wilson, Jr.
Dithyrambic Musings of Benson O’Lottie. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 14(2).

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: National Issues: Student Performance; Instructional Practices; Teaching Methods; Art Education; Bilingual Flexibility. National FORUM of Teacher Education Journal, 14(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: International Journal of Scholarly Academic Intellectual Diversity Journal, 7(1).

Kritsonis, W. (2004). FOREWORD: Multicultural Issues and Trends. National FORUM of Multicultural Issues Journal, 2(1).

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:48:19 AM

The Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research
Spring 2009

Jumping In Feet First: Recommendations to a Successful Midyear Transition into Teaching in the
Secondary Classroom


Misti M. Morgan
PhD Student in Educational Leadership
The Whitlowe R. Green College of Education
Prairie View A & M University
Associate Principal
Spring Independent School District
Houston, Texas

William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Professor and Faculty Mentor
PhD Program in Educational Leadership
Prairie View A&M University
Member of the Texas A&M University System
Hall of Honor
William H. Parker Leadership Academy
Visiting Lecturer
Oxford Round Table
University of Oxford, Oxford, England
Distinguished Alumnus
Central Washington University
College of Educational and Professional Studies

_____________________________________________________________________________
ABSTRACT
A challenge of secondary public school campuses continues to be the identification of highly-qualified teachers to achieve full-faculty staffing by the first day of school. In many cases, campuses maintain a list of vacancies well after the first instructional day, and once these vacancies are filled, more challenges usually await. Resistant students, new roles and responsibilities, and a constant sense of playing “catch up” can overwhelm a new teacher, and often lead to their departure at the end of their first, brief school year. Campus administrators can stem the tide of teacher attrition by appointing a campus induction coordinator or lead mentor to acclimate the midyear new teacher to the campus through observation, planning, and support, in turn allowing new teachers time to gain their footing before taking the first critical step towards student achievement.
______________________________________________________________________________
Introduction
A constant threat to the success of secondary schools is teacher staffing. It is no longer a guarantee that when the school doors open on the first day, there will be a teacher for every classroom. Teacher shortages, particularly in the content areas of math, science, and foreign language, plague administrators charged with hiring, and disadvantage students who in some cases already possess crucial gaps in their academic preparedness. Moreover, when a suitable teacher is identified after the start of school, the real challenges are only beginning. Students are oftentimes resistant to the new teacher, thinking that he or she is just another substitute unworthy of their respect or attentiveness. Without critical administrative and collegial support, a midyear new teacher can become easily disillusioned and frustrated, possibly to the breaking point. In many cases, this year’s late additions to teacher staff can become next year’s vacancies – again. Fortunately, such problems can be thwarted or mitigated by developing a sound preparation for midyear teacher induction that includes support, orientation, planning, and finally immersion that will not abandon the new teacher or shortchange the students. There is one caveat to the success of this idea: if schools are committed to the success of new teachers, then their campus expenditures should reflect that. A full-time induction coordinator or campus lead mentor must be hired and trained to lead the initiative of new teacher mentoring and training, or any attempts to retain quality instructors will most likely fail.
Purpose of the Article
The purpose of the article is to make recommendations for activities that will aid midyear new teachers in making a smooth transition into the secondary classroom. A critical component to their success will be the campus induction coordinator or lead mentor, who will be responsible for the midyear new teacher’s introductory activities and their successful completion.

Meet and Greet
Once a teacher has been selected and hired, their first day on the job should not be their first day in the classroom. Instead, new teachers should spend their first day getting to know the key players in their new environment. New teachers should spend time meeting their department chair, campus administration, and their colleagues before they ever deliver their first lesson. While time may be short, this critical step should not be omitted, as new teachers need to know their support systems.
Look and Learn
In many instances, teachers acquired after the start of school are either recent college graduates with no teaching experience or professionals from another employment field who are new to teaching as well. Neither employee will arrive to the job with a valid concept of how a structured classroom should look or operate. The second activity for a midyear new teacher should be to observe the classes of their colleagues. New teachers should observe their peers to gain perspective on classroom procedures, student management techniques, curriculum delivery, implementation, and instructional methods. These observations should be guided by an induction coordinator or mentor so that structured, quality debriefing can occur after each observation.

Turnover-Takeover
Another activity critical to new teacher success is time allotted for meeting with the outgoing substitute teacher. This meeting should center on the academic progress of the students, such as what they have learned thus far, their current place in the curriculum, and any information specific to their academic or social needs. Again, this process should be guided by the campus induction specialist or lead mentor to ensure a positive transference of information.

Phase-In and Phase-Out
As the midyear new teacher begins the final steps of the transition in full time teaching, it is critical that all support systems remain in place. After meeting key personnel in the school, observing their peers, and gathering information from the outgoing substitute teacher, it is time for the new teacher to begin instructing the students. A critical part of the midyear new teacher’s needs is to retain the substitute in the classroom for their first days on the job. Ideally, the substitute teacher can provide a stabilizing presence in the classroom as the new teacher finds their footing. Gradually, as the new teacher assumes the role of instructional facilitator, the substitute teacher will phase out of the classroom to allow the new teacher to take ownership of their surroundings. Throughout the transition, the campus induction coordinator or lead mentor maintains a constant presence to offer the new teacher support and guidance as they begin their new career.
Concluding Remarks
In conclusion, the critical steps of orientation, observation, and transitional planning cannot be omitted when welcoming new teachers after the start of school. These steps are more easily followed by campuses who commit to the acquisition of a full time induction specialist or lead mentor who possesses the time, knowledge, and enthusiasm to shepherd new teachers into the profession and help them achieve the ultimate goals of longevity, effectiveness, and success.

References
• Article is based upon the Spring ISD Westfield High School Induction Support Program for Educator Retention (WHISPER) plan for New Teacher Employee Orientation (no copyright).

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:50:18 AM

Helping Student's Cope with the Impact of Sexual Harassment

Mary Ann Springs & William Allan Kritsonis, PhD

ABSTRACT

It is the goal, if not the mission, of every school to provide a safe and friendly environment that will be conducive to student growth and development. Since the passing of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act if 1964, victims of sexual harassment can now be heard and safeguards are in place for their protection. Title IX was added to sexual harassment law as a means of providing protection under the law for students who were violated by another student, employee, or third party of a school district. Since schools are recipients of federal funds and are responsible for ensuring that sexual harassment regulations are enforced, what can school officials do to help students cope with the aftermath of sexual harassment? The article is designed to define sexual harassment, describe its impact, and provide strategies for the victim.
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Introduction

Title IX, under the law prohibiting sexual harassment, was created to protect students against discrimination based upon gender and sexual misconduct by other students or school employees. Since the passing of the law, an influx of teacher harassment violations against students has become more prevalent in schools across the nation. Some students who are victims of sexual harassment may fail to seek help in coping with the trauma, and therefore, may undergo severe psychological issues or worse, seek to eradicate the pain through acts of suicide.


Purpose of the Article

Since sexual harassment has the potential to paralyze students to the point that the environment becomes hostile, it is the charge of school administrators and officials to intervene. Consequently, rather than report the incident or seek help, a victim of sexual harassment may allow the perpetrator to remain unchallenged and find themselves carrying the emotional and physical baggage of the infraction. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to address the nature of sexual harassment and to provide students who are victims with helpful advice on how to cope and move-on with their lives.

What Constitutes Sexual Harassment?

Sexual harassment is defined as unwanted advances of a sexual nature. Examples would include, but not limited to: unwanted physical contact, abusive sexual language, displaying e-mail messages or pictures of a sexual context, consistent demeaning or belittling others through words and actions based upon their gender. Under Title IX of sexual harassment regulations, sexual harassment also includes discrimination based upon gender or sexual orientation. This component of the law protects the rights of gay and lesbian students who are discriminated by means of bullying, which is also on the rise in public schools.
The second component of the law addresses the evaluation of a “hostile” environment caused by sexual harassment. An environment is deemed “hostile” when students are not allowed to engage in school programs based upon gender, sexual orientation, or when actions of a sexual nature are committed against them. These forms of discrimination place students in stressful situations and severely impact their class or work performance. A hostile environment can not only impact the victim, but it can also affect third parties who witness the incident as well.

How Students Become Victims of Sexual Harassment
Anyone can become a victim of sexual harassment. The most common form of sexual harassment is “quid pro quo”, in other words, something in exchange for something. In this event, a teacher may give a student a passing grade in a particular subject if the student provides sexual favors in return. Students may black-mail or threaten to expose another student if they don't give in to their sexual wishes or advances.
Sexual harassers can seduce their victims through many venues. For instance, the teacher may consistently “stalk” the student and look for an opportunity to catch the student alone. Some educators may use the “mother-figure” approach while secretly attempting to seduce the student. The most common approach is when the teacher supposedly acts as a mentor to the student but gradually lures the student into an uncompromising situation.

What School Officials Can Do to Prevent Sexual Harassment
School officials can help prevent sexual harassment of students through timely investigation of any incidents that may occur. The following suggestions can be used:
• School officials should take the student's complaint seriously. If the complaint is valid, parents should be contacted as soon as possible in order to prevent miscommunication and litigation issues.
• School administrators should also make sure the student verbalized that the act was un-welcomed to the perpetrator and report the action the student took in reporting the incident.
• Human Resources should complete an extensive background check on teachers and other personnel through normal procedures, as well as, talking with neighbors in the candidate’s community in order to gather additional data while under consideration for hiring. Furthermore, school officials should also investigate by questioning other personnel and students concerning teachers charged with sexual harassment.
• Once a student has filed a complaint, the school must ensure the student that the information shared will be kept as confidential as possible. Breaching student confidentiality could add embarrassment, humiliation, and fear to an already sensitive issue.
• Once an investigation has begun, the school should take immediate action to temporarily remove the suspect from his or her job assignment until the case has been solved. This removal will decrease the potential of the student being harmed by the suspect again.
• In the event that a teacher is found guilty of sexual harassment against a student, the school should provide medical assistance or psychological therapy for students since such infractions have been known to cause depression, fear, anxiety, lack of trust toward adults, and sometimes, suicidal acts.
• Additional interventions could be to link the student with a support group of individuals who were also victims of sexual harassment but have overcome and are now leading normal lives. The school counselor would be a great resource as well. Students would have easier access to services while saving the district out-of-school professional therapy costs.

Concluding Remarks
In summation, sexual harassment of students is an increasing and persistent problem that continues to plague the nation’s schools. As schools strive to implement mechanisms to ensure the goal of safe and respectful campus climates, keeping students free of sexual misconduct by it’s employees is equally important. Since public schools are beneficiaries of federal funds, they are charged with the responsibility of protecting the rights of all students under the law. If schools fail to do so, then this growing statement about educational stewardship is true…”Students don’t fail schools; schools fail students”.

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:54:29 AM

William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Editor-in-Chief
NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS

The purpose of this study was to investigate the implications of State Supreme Court and District Court decisions which have been rendered across the nation relating specifically to the nonrenewal of public school professional personnel due to the declining school enrollments or economic stress from 1911-1974. It was hoped that specific characteristics could be identified that would lead to more efficient school administration based on an understanding and awareness of characteristics as established by the courts.
A review of doctoral dissertation abstracts, periodicals, and texts yielded no studies of characteristics of court decisions relating specifically to the nonrenewal of public school professional personnel contracts for reasons of declining enrollments or economic stress from 1911-1974. However, over time, this area has continually been the subject of analysis in the literature. Following the presentation of a summary of state statutes that was reported by the National Education Association (1970), the review of literature is organized in chronological order to provide an overview of developments in the area of due process as related to teachers, boards of education, and school executives during this time period.
Though grounds for dismissal generally have become less arbitrary, this is not to say the hands of educational management are completely tied. The latitude that existed in most states at the elementary and secondary level for dismissing teachers or denying them tenure was considerable. The National Education Association (1970) summarized 143 court decisions with legal issues of particular importance to teachers. The materials came from judicial decisions published during the 1970 calendar year in the National Reporter System. While most of the decisions summarized were rendered in 1970, cases decided earlier were included. According to the summary, thirty-eight states had statewide tenure laws (that is, with some exceptions), and five had tenure only in particular areas. It was reported that Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Utah, and Vermont had no tenure laws of any kind, though most of them did require contracts and did permit long-term contracts.
Within these tenure laws there existed a variety of reasons for dismissing teachers or withdrawing their tenure. According to the NEA summary, sixteen states denied tenure to teachers after a certain age; in most cases it was 65, but in two states it was 70 and in two others it was 62. Alaska provided that tenure is lost when employment in a district was interrupted or terminated. Florida provided that any employee could be returned to an annual contract for three years for cause. It was reported that twenty states had penalties, usually loss of certification, for resignation in the middle of the year or for refusal to teach.
According to the summary, inadequate professional character had led to dismissal. Failure to maintain discipline and inefficient management was a cause in two states; and unprofessional conduct, conduct becoming a teacher, and disreputable conduct were a cause in three others. Iowa allowed dismissal for teachers who had shown “partiality.” Failure to make professional advancement or professional growth was a cause in four states and communities. Maine had a provision for dismissing teachers who were shown to be unfit or whose service was “unprofitable” to the school system. Cruelty or brutal treatment were causes for dismissal in five states. Any causes which were grounds for loss of a teaching certificate also were grounds for dismissal in Nevada. In addition, medical reasons, lack of a medical or physical examination, and communicable diseases were causes for dismissal in four states.
The NEA summary reported that California led the states in provisions for dismissing teachers for criminal syndicalism, membership in the Communist Party, teaching to indoctrinate in Communism, or refusing to answer questions about Communism. Four other states had similar provisions for disloyalty, teaching disloyalty, advocating the overthrow of state or federal governments, and unAmerican activities. Crime was a cause for dismissal in two states. In Louisiana, membership in or contributions to an organization declared illegal or enjoined from operating in the state could lead to dismissal.
Of course, the statutes were not devoted entirely to restrictions on teachers. Many spelled out protections as well. For example, political or personal reasons could not be used for dismissal in Alabama, and there could be no dismissal for exercising constitutionally protected rights in DeKalb and Fulton counties in the state of Georgia. Marriage explicitly is said not to be a cause in three states, although at the time of the summary Waterbury, Connecticut, still had a provision whereby women teachers may be dismissed for marriage. In Massachusetts a teacher could not be dismissed for exercising voting rights, signing nomination papers, petitioning the general court, or appearing before a legislative committee, unless such things were done on school premises, during school hours, or when interfering with school duty. On the other hand, Missouri teachers could not manage campaigns for the election or defeat of school board members in districts in which they were employed. In larger cities in New York over 125,000 population, no charges could be brought against a teacher for incidents that were more than three years old, except where the misconduct constituted a crime.
There also was a variety of professional protections mentioned in the NEA summary. No teacher could be dismissed in Pennsylvania unless efficiency ratings had been kept by the school board. In Chicago, if charges against teachers were for causes that were remediable, the teacher must have been given warning that the charges would be brought if the causes were not removed. Though school boards in Virginia had the right to dismiss both tenured and non-tenured teachers because of enrollment decreases or subject cancellations, in Colorado no teacher’s salary could be reduced for budgetary reasons unless there was a general reduction in all salaries in the district. In Oregon a tenured teacher could not be made part-time without consent.
The summary pointed out that an equal variety of vague, catch-all, and special causes still existed. Though dismissal was provided for, no causes for dismissal were listed in the laws of three states. In Illinois, no causes were listed for dismissal in smaller communities (less than 500,000 population). It was reported there were still vestiges of local morality in some state laws like Florida that had a prohibition against drunkenness, and Louisiana which provided for dismissal of teachers who advocate integration.
Generally, one might expect probationary teachers to be judged by the same criteria, for probation is claimed to be necessary as a time in which the teacher is expected to demonstrate the talents and conduct expected of permanent professional employees. The Wyoming statutes did say that probationary teachers are subject to the same causes for dismissal as were tenured teachers. Massachusetts laws provided due process rights for most probationary teachers. Iowa, which had no probationary requirement, provided for automatic renewal of all contracts after a certain date an due process rights for any teacher not retained. The NEA summary noted that generally probationary teachers were dismissed for the same or similar reasons as tenured teachers.
According to the NEA summary, some states did have different or additional causes for probationary teacher dismissal. Probationary teachers in Texas, for example, could be dismissed for willful failure to pay debts or for the use of drugs or alcohol.
The summary also hints at the history of why teachers have been dismissed or have had to fear dismissal. That is, the information bears, if indirectly, on why and how tenure was developed. Not a great deal of systematic history has been written about tenure and much of the current criticism of tenure still overlooks the historical perspective. It is beyond the scope of this review of related literature to delve deeply into the historical background of tenure; however, the tenure concept does appear with considerable frequency throughout the literature pertaining to staff reduction.
The above review of the National Education Association summary shows several things. One is that there was little basis for the belief that adequate provisions do not exist for removing “unproductive” teachers. Numerous causes were set out in most states, and in other states the causes were general enough to cover almost any eventuality.
A more adequate perspective of the findings of the National Education Association summary may be gained by considering past studies and reports dealing with the issue of teacher reduction and termination.
Beale (1936) noted a study done in Indiana in the early 1930's that concluded that on the whole superintendents are not handicapped in their work by tenure. Where initiative is taken and cases are well prepared, there is no reason to believe marginal teachers cannot be dismissed. Beale believed that administrators opposed tenure because it decreased their authority.
Wriston (1940) reported that the real protection of poor teaching is not tenure, but lack of administrative skill or courage. This is in reference, according to the author, to the inept way in which teacher dismissals are handled, but other critics indict administration for other reasons as well.
Beale (1941) gave a review of the legal precedents relating to elementary and secondary teaching as late as the 1930's. Again one must be cautious when speaking about “the courts.” But Beale showed that in a variety of places and over a period of time court decisions have become important where the law is silent or ambiguous. For example, some courts have held that dismissals are limited to announced causes, causes cannot be added after employment, and boards are bound by their own rules and regulations; tenured teachers have protections when schools are closed for economic reasons or declining enrollment, and tenured teachers cannot be demoted; teachers cannot be dismissed for marriage, and hearings must be held even if no law calls for them; new charges cannot be introduced in mid-trial; and teachers dismissed without a hearing must be reinstated and cannot be charged for the same cause later.
Hofstadter and Metzger (1955) commented that in reading the reports of the AAUP Bulletin, it led one to believe that administrative, not teacher, incompetence is the unsolved problem of academic life.
Byse and Joughin (1959) noted the following causes for dismissal in higher education: “cause” or “good cause”, professional incompetence; immorality; crime, including treason; incapacity or disability; grounds stated in the American Association of University Professors “1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure, “ failure in the institutional relationships, disloyalty, and lack of cooperation. The authors expressed that provisions for dismissing teachers were added or changed every year. They pointed out that it was proposed in Florida in 1968, though not implemented, that striking teachers should have psychiatric examinations before they were allowed to return to the classrooms. The discretion in dismissing non-tenured teachers was not limited either. Some persons argue that tenure contributes to greater competence. Byse and Joughin quote from an early Kansas legal case in 1878 in which the judge held that “The shorter and more precarious the tenure in office, the less attractive, important, and valuable it would be; and generally, men of only inferior talent could be found to accept it or to perform its functions with such a precarious tenure.” Courts have helped to develop the idea of tenure. The authors quote Robert Hutchins’ widely accepted thesis that the law is not basic to the protection of academic freedom and tenure, which are, rather, protected by those in society who make decisions about the purpose of education. But they also quote the view of Russell Kirk that “The courts, when all is said, remain the chief defense of academic freedom when a right to tenure...can be proved.” The history of tenure seems to give weight to the latter view, though there is a sense in which the law is poor protection—because it is the last protection—of any right. Byse and Joughin analyze a long line of legal cases relating to the acquisition of tenure and the criteria and procedure for termination of tenure. They emphasize that it is hazardous to generalize about the positions courts have taken on tenure: the precedents go back far into history, there is no single entity which constitutes “the courts” because the points of law may differ subtly, opinions differ, change, and often contradict. Nevertheless, the authors conclude that generally legal enforcement strengthens tenure, though the need for independent judicial review will be diminished to the extent tenure plans give final power for deciding cases to faculty and provide procedural safeguards.
Byse and Joughin (1959) also spell out the elements of due process. Due process, they say, is a well-established part of the American legal tradition; it is based on the principle that “the accused is entitled to know the case against him, to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses, and to present evidence and argument to an unbiased tribunal.” They noted that institutions frequently qualified “cause” by adding “good,” “adequate,” "grave,” “just,” “justifiable,” or “sufficient.” Furthermore, the causes can be explicit. “Incapacity” might be physical and mental, and it can include incompetence or failure to perform duties; “immorality” might include sexual relations, especially with students, the use of profanity, or conviction of a crime; “financial exigencies” might result from economic stress, termination of a course of study, or budgetary cutbacks. Financial exigency provides a good example of how causes for dismissal can be limited. It has been established by the courts that dismissal for this reason should be a last resort and, if made, should carry certain rights with them, such as the right to be rehired first.
Atty (1964) pointed out the problems some probationary teachers face. In Pennsylvania the school code set out the legal causes for dismissal of teachers. One requirement for tenure was two years of successful teaching. Thus, a teacher who was rated low in those years could not attain tenure. Atty noted that the causes of probationary teachers’ failure to attain tenure differed substantially from enumerated causes for dismissal; 98.1% were dismissed for reasons other than those outlined in the school code.
Duvall (1966) found that a high proportion of superintendents believed tenure interferes with the proper power of superintendents and boards of education. Duvall notes that principals and superintendents believe tenure makes it impossible to discharge unsatisfactory teachers, reduces incentive toward in-service improvement and attendance at summer school, and requires greater supervision of teachers. Teachers, on the other hand, believe tenure makes teaching more professional, reduces resignations, encourages self-expression, creates incentives to work on personnel policies and problems, and improves community-teacher relationship.
Credell (1967) surveyed 773 school districts in California and concluded that administrators were not implementing the provisions of the tenure laws regarding retention or dismissal. He found also that many schools do not have observable standards for behavior, competence, or dismissals, and they are at a disadvantage because of this.
Bement (1967) found that though principals identified “marginal” tenured teachers, no dismissals or other steps were taken under the tenure statute. Teachers who did not improve were invited to leave or were put in other positions, but if they did not go, no further steps were taken. Principals tended to deal with problem teachers themselves, rather than using special resources such as psychologists, medical person, and counselors. Bement noted that of 97 marginal tenured teachers that were identified by principals, 26 improved as a result of advising, but 26 others left the schools, probably because they were asked to do so if they did not improve. Bement, like Credell, found that most schools do not have observable standards for behavior, compentence, or dismissals.
Takata (1971) noted that dismissing any teacher for incompetence would be difficult unless the school is administered on a sound educational philosophy and unless current research results are available to assist in the documentation of variations in student performance as a resultant of variations in teachers behavior.
Gutherie (1971) reviewed 17 studies that dealt with the effectiveness of school service components. They showed that 14 studies found various teacher characteristics, among which was employment status (tenure or non-tenure), to be significantly associated with one or more measures of pupil performance. Specifically, in the Atlanta schools it was found that low teacher turnover had a positive relationship with gains on pupil scores on tests of verbal ability. In the Boston schools it was found that the percentage of permanent teachers had a minor but positive effect on all outputs and that the turnover rate within attendance districts had a slight negative relationship with all output measures.
Others point out that tenure has value because it requires schools to judge the worth of teachers. In the past some teachers commonly have been allowed to remain in their jobs indefinitely without being evaluated. In higher education there is considerable criticism of the “up or out” system, in which an individual either is given tenure after a probationary period or a judgment of competence or he must seek a position elsewhere. Silber (1971) believes this kind of tenure forces judgements too early in the careers of young professors, and thus can contribute to lower teaching quality. But according to the AAUP Bulletin (1972), the “up or out” system was designed originally to prevent the continuation of teachers for long and indefinite periods without their competency being determined.
Anyone who has taught for very long knows that school boards and administrators have a number of ways to get rid of a teacher short of a dramatic public trail. “Counseling out” is a device frequently employed by school executives to get rid of tenured teachers. It is very difficult to get accurate figures on tenured teachers who are dismissed; the reasons being that, in most cases. The superintendent or his designee calls the teachers in for a conference in which he indicates the intention is to recommend formal charges be brought under the law. In most cases, the teacher resigns rather than face a hearing before the Board. The American Association of University Professor Bulletin (1971) also reported the practice is common in higher education also. It was pointed out that over 50 professors had resigned quietly in the past five years rather than have charges publicly filed against them for not adequately fulfilling their position responsibilities.
Sherman (1973) emphasized that where there is not tenure, the implication for contractual agreements is important. Courts have held that contracts cannot be invalidated on a technicality; contracts cannot contain provisions for periodic annulment; a contract made with one board cannot be rescinded by another board or by subsequent legislation; the teacher cannot be required to do work other than that called for in the contract; salaries must be paid for the contract period even when schools are closed or reorganized for financial reasons; and, oral contracts are binding where written ones are not required.
Skarda (1973), in his study of the common law for Iowa schools, summarized Iowa Supreme Court cases involving school districts. His conclusions were that issues settled by the Supreme Court of Iowa are generally considered final in legal practice and that they should be known to those administering educational programs. The author emphasized that court judges review the decisions of other State Supreme Courts prior to final action relative to a given case. Skarda investigated other studies and publications which were similar to his study of court decisions. Parallel findings were evident even though the authors had conducted their investigations in other states across the nation. He reported that in no instance was any study devoted totally to State Supreme Court decisions of the various states on a national basis.
Thurston (1975), in a study conducted at the University of Iowa, reported that the general area of faculty dismissals had been the battleground for considerable litigation. The study attempted to synthesize faculty dismissals in higher education and to state the general principles of constitutional law which have developed in this area. He pointed out that constitutional due process is required whenever a person is deprived of liberty or property interest. Consequently, procedural safeguards are necessary upon a faculty member’s dismissal in the middle of an academic year or upon the nonrenewal of a tenured faculty member’s contract.
Hazard (1975) reported that over two decades state and federal courts have exercised increasing influences on school policy making and, by preemption, have taken the policy-making play away from local boards with respect to many important issues. In particular, the application of law to school conflict has changed perceptions of the role of the school board in policy making. He further contends that school board decisions are rarely accepted these days as the last word; more and more, citizens regard them as the trigger for legal confrontations. In other words, schooling is no longer regarded as a take-it-or-leave-it proposition but is viewed, along with policies supporting it, as an offer negotiable in court. As a result, educational policies are the product of constitutional, statutory, and case-law interpretations. Hazard also reported that the scope of judicial review of educational policy is practically unlimited. While it is generally true that the courts are reluctant to intervene in school board judgements except in clear case of abuse, the range of policies reviewed by the courts is broad. Indeed, policy content reviewed by the courts had included the obvious human concerns embraced in the First, Fourth, and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, as well as the entire range of constitutional aspects of school finance, curriculum mandates, pupil personnel practices, teacher contracts, and property interest of citizens affected by school operations. In recent years the courts have moved decisively into the area of pupil rights, teacher rights, and that vast area called “equal protection of the law.” Hazard expressed that one could argue that court decisions are more than judicial solutions to school-based problems or legal interpretations of board policies; rather, they make new policy.
Financially pressured school boards are being forced to reduce the number of school professional employees. Because there are fewer positions available in education due to declining enrollment, economic stress, or a combination thereof, school boards are using staff reduction to cope with financial problems. This tactic is working against teachers who want to keep the pupil-teacher ratio low. Conflicts are inevitable between public school professional personnel, school executives, and school boards. Court action appears to be an available alternative for public school professional personnel and school districts in assuring equal protection under the law.
In reviewing related literature it appears that dismissal cases involving public school professional personnel has been the subject of continued analysis. At this particular point in time, there have been no attempts to investigate selected State Supreme and District Court decisions from 1911-1974 which have been rendered across the nation relating specifically to the nonrenewal of public school professional personnel contracts for reasons of declining enrollment or economic stress for the purpose of determining and identifying any patterns which may have been developing. Conflicts are inevitable between public school professional personnel, school executives, and school boards. Court action appears to be an available alternative for public school professional personnel and school districts in assuring equal protection under the law.
In reviewing related literature it appears that dismissal cases involving public school professional personnel has been the subject of continued analysis. This study will attempt to investigate selected State Supreme and District Court decisions which have been rendered across the nation relating specifically to the nonrenewal of public school professional personnel contracts for reasons of declining enrollment or economic stress for the purpose of determining and identifying any patterns which may have been developing from 1911-1974.

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:55:33 AM

Writing for Professional Publication in National Refereed Journals A Session for Faculty and Doctoral Students

University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

January 4, 2009

William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Professor
PhD Program in Educational Leadership
Prairie View A&M University/The Texas A&M University System

1. Professional reasons for writing for publication
2. Personal reasons for writing for publication
3. How real writers behave
4. Writer’s write for the following reasons
5. How to get started
6. What will “sell” the editor on your work?
7. Formula: Brilliant Ideas + Good Luck + Knowing the Right People = Publication
8. On scholarly work
9. Reasons to write and publish journal articles
10. Writing and publishing journal articles enables you to…
11. Three basic types of articles: practical – review or theoretical – research
12. Quantitative Studies
13. Qualitative Research
14. On writing books
15. Four phases of book publishing (Fun – Drudgery – Torture – Waiting)
16. Some reasons to write a book
17. Where does the dollar go after a book is published?
18. What do editors and reviewers really want?
19. Earning approval from editors and reviewers
20. What to remember about bad writing
21. How to get fired as a reviewer
22. Publish or perish or teach or impeach
23. I’ve been rejected many times – should I give up?
24. In writing, how you read is important
25. How teachable is writing?
26. “I can’t seem to tell how my writing is going while I am doing it. Can you help?
27. Remember your purpose in writing
28. What differentiates ordinary writing from writing with style
29. It must get somewhat easier to write, otherwise, how would some authors become so prolific?
30. If writing for publication does not prove to be lucrative, why bother?
31. Why creative work is worthwhile
32. Show respect for your writing. It is about what the readers should know. If this puts a strain on a professional relationship, then so be it.
33. “Why I Write” (Orwell) Sheer egoism, aesthetic enthusiasm, historical impulse, and political purpose.
34. What really makes an academic write?
35. The Writer’s Essential Tools – words and the power to face unpleasant facts.
36. No human activity can sap the strength from body and life from spirit as much as writing in which one doesn’t believe.
37. “Because it was there.” Edmund Hillary. And with this comment he supplied generations with a ready-made and unanswerable defense for any new undertaking even writing.
38. Why we write.
39. Climbing Your Own Mountain
40. Be yourself. Have fun writing.

Please list any other topics you want Dr. Kritsonis to discuss.
281-550-5700 Home; Cell: 832-483-7889 – williamkritsonis@yahoo.com

Copyright © 2008 William Allan Kritsonis, PhD – ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Posted by: William Kritsonis, PhD | Jan 4, 2009 10:56:43 AM

Summer Report 2013

Since 2004, Dr. Kritsonis has mentored 34 colleagues at Prairie View A&M University - The Texas A&M University System. 20 Faculty published multiple times – writing 86 articles. Total articles by faculty: 101. Dr. Kritsonis has provided editorial leadership in getting their articles reviewed for publication in national refereed journals. Dr. Kritsonis mentoring has contributed for many to receive professional enhancement, satisfaction, merit raises, and promoted to higher professorial ranks. Please see the faculty listed below.

Data Analysis (August 1, 2013)

• Dr. Lucian Yates III (Dean, Whitlowe R. Green College of Education) – 2 article publisheds/1 Book Review
• Barry Pelphrey – Associate Dean – 2 articles published
• Dr. Clement Glenn – Educational Leadership (Assistant to Associate with Tenure) – 5 articles published
• Dr. J.D. Gregory – Educational Leadership – 3 articles published
• Dr. Douglas Hermond – Educational Leadership (earned Tenure) – 2 articles published
• Dr. David E. Herrington – Educational Leadership (Assistant to Associate with Tenure)-15+ articles published – Currently at Texas A&M University-San Antonio. Program Coordinator for Educational Leadership
• Dr. Lisa Hobson – Educational Leadership – 2 articles published
• Robert Marshall – Educational Leadership – 9+ articles published
• Dr. Ben C. DeSpain – Educational Leadership – 6 articles published
• Dr. Patricia Hoffman-Miller – Educational Leadership (Assistant to Associate with Tenure)
• Bill Orman – Educational Leadership – 2 articles
• Dr. Arthur Petterway – Educational Leadership (Employed at PV for 2011/2012 – 2 articles published
• Dr. Patricia A. Smith – Educational Leadership – 2 articles published
• Dr. Tyrone Tanner – Educational Leadership (Associate to Professor with Tenure) - 10 articles published
• Dr. Lisa K. Thompson – Educational Leadership (Assistant to Associate with Tenure)
• Dr. Donald Collins – Counseling (Assistant to Associate with Tenure) – 4 articles published
• Dr. Carl Gardiner – Counseling – (Instructor to Assistant Professor) – 2 articles published
• Dr. Karen Osterholm – Counseling – 2 articles published
• Dr. Wanda M. Johnson – Counseling – 2 articles published
• Dr. William Ross – Counseling (Department Head - Assistant to Associate with Tenure) – 4 articles published
• Dr. Judith Hansen – Curriculum and Instruction
• Dr. Mary Hawkins – Curriculum and Instruction
• Dr. Debra Johnson – Curriculum and Instruction
• Dr. Tau Kadhi – Curriculum and Instruction
• Dr. Edward Mason – Curriculum and Instruction
• Dr. Earnestyne Walter-Sullivan – Curriculum and Instruction
• Dr. William Davis Hale – Health & Human Performance
• Dr. Angela Branch Vital – Health & Human Performance – 2 articles published
• Dr. Brigid Wilson – Health & Human Performance
• Dr. Veda Brown, College of Juvenile Justice and Psychology – 9 articles published
• Dr. Gbolahan Solomon Osho – College of Juvenile Justice and Psychology (post-tenure)-2 articles published
• Dr. Jennifer Burke - College of Arts & Sciences
• Dr. Elizabeth N. Noel – Associate Vice President of Research at PVAMU
• Dr. Pamela Barber-Freeman, National Editorial Review Board, National FORUM of Applied Educational Research Journal
• Dr. Marcia C. Shelton – Director, Research Regulatory Compliance at PVAMU and Invited National Editorial Review Board for the National FORUM of Multicultural Issues Journal the past three (3) years.

Posted by: William Allan Kritsonis, PhD | Dec 30, 2013 9:13:40 PM

William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Dissertation Chair for 23 PhD Graduates
PhD Program in Educational Leadership PVAMU/Member of the Texas A&M University System

Data Analysis (2006-2012) – June 24, 2013

• Teresa Ann Hughes ~ December 2006 (1 graduated 2006)
• Roselia Alaniz Salinas ~ October 2007 (1 graduated 2007)
• Yolanda E. Smith ~ February 2008 (5 graduated 2008)
• Clarence Johnson ~ September 2008
• Frances Craig Worthey ~ October 2008
• Nasrin Nazemzadeh ~ November 2008
• Grace Thomas Nickerson ~ December 2008
• Rhodena Townsell ~ January 2009 (10 graduated 2009)
• Robert Marcel Branch ~ March 2009
• Jennifer T. Butcher ~ March 2009
• Michelle Annette Cloud ~ March 2009
• Janetta Carolyn Gilliam ~ March 2009
• Eunetra Ellison Simpson ~ March 2009
• Rebecca Hoa Duong ~ May 2009
• Donald Ray Brown, Jr. ~ July 2009
• Debra Denise Watkins ~ July 2009
• Monica Georgette Williams ~ July 2009
• Steven Norfleet ~ April 2010 (2 graduated 2010)
• Desiree Adair Skinner ~ August 2010
• Alex Elias Torrez ~ April 2011 (3 graduated 2011)
• Mary Ann Springs ~ July 2011
• Sheri L. Miller-Williams ~ September 2011
• Simone Alicia Gardiner ~ March 2012 (1 graduated 2012)


Posted by: William Allan Kritsonis, PhD | Dec 30, 2013 9:15:52 PM

CYPRESS RESIDENT TO SERVE ON NATIONAL ADVISORY BOARD

Recently, Dr. William Allan Kritsonis of Cypress was invited to serve on the United Providence National Advisory Board in Providence, Rhode Island. United Providence is a first-of-its-kind non-profit organization that will lead school transformation efforts through a labor-management collaborative model between the Providence Public School District and the Providence Teachers Union. This work will involve working with Arne Duncan, United States Secretary of Education, 2013-2016.


About William Allan Kritsonis, PhD

Dr. Kritsonis is Professor of Educational Leadership at Prairie View A&M University – Member of the Texas A&M University System. He teaches in the PhD Program in Educational Leadership and the Master’s Program in Administration with emphasis in Principal certification. Dr. Kritsonis taught the Inaugural class session in the doctoral program at the start of the fall 2004 academic year. In October 2006, Dr. Kritsonis chaired the first doctoral student to earn a PhD in Educational Leadership at PVAMU. Dr. Kritsonis has chaired 23 dissertations wherein students have graduated and earned the PhD at PVAMU. He lives in Cypress, Texas.

Posted by: William Allan Kritsonis, PhD | Dec 30, 2013 9:17:10 PM

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